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Synergistic antibacterial effects of methanolic extract of Melissa officinalis L. and Mouthwash Vi-one on Streptococcus mutant and Streptococcus sanguinis

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Year: 2019
COI code: JR_IJBMPH-2-4_001
Paper Language: English

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Authors Synergistic antibacterial effects of methanolic extract of Melissa officinalis L. and Mouthwash Vi-one on Streptococcus mutant and Streptococcus sanguinis

  Ali Asghar Faraji - Department of Biology, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Industry, Ayatollah Amoli Branch, Islamic Azad University, Amol, Iran
  Khosro Issazadeh - Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan Branch, Lahijan, Iran
  Samaneh Rouhi - Medical Microbiology Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
  Fatemeh Zaboli - Department of Biology, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Industry, Ayatollah Amoli Branch, Islamic Azad University, Amol, Iran

Abstract:

Introduction: The use of chemical and vegetable compounds reduces the microbial plaque of the tooth. The aim of this study was to investigate the synergistic antibacterial effects of methanolic extract of Melissa officinalis L. (Lemon balm)and mouthwash Vi-one on Streptococcus mutant and Streptococcus sanguinis. Methods: Methanolic extract of lemon balm was prepared by Soxhlet method. The concentrations of 250, 125, 62.5, 31.25, 15.26, 7.81, 3.9, 1.95, 0.97 and 0.48 mg/ml of methanol extract and mouthwash prepared and mixed in the same proportion.Agar well diffusion, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) were used to determine the antibacterial effect. Results: The highest non-growth zones were 21 mm for Streptococcus mutant and 22 mm for Streptococcus sanguinis which observed at a concentration of 250 mg/ml. The best value of MIC and the MBC for both bacteria were 7.81 and 62.5 mg/ml, respectively. As the concentration increased, antibacterial activity increased as well (p≤0.05). Conclusion: The results of this study showed the synergistic antibacterial effects of lemon balmand mouthwash on bacteria. More in vivo researches are needed to confirm and use the above combination.

Keywords:

Antibacterial Effect, Melissa officinalis L, mouthwash, Streptococcus mutant

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COI code: JR_IJBMPH-2-4_001

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Faraji, Ali Asghar; Khosro Issazadeh; Samaneh Rouhi & Fatemeh Zaboli, 2019, Synergistic antibacterial effects of methanolic extract of Melissa officinalis L. and Mouthwash Vi-one on Streptococcus mutant and Streptococcus sanguinis, International Journal of Biomedicine and Public Health 2 (4), https://www.civilica.com/Paper-JR_IJBMPH-JR_IJBMPH-2-4_001.htmlInside the text, wherever referred to or an achievement of this article is mentioned, after mentioning the article, inside the parental, the following specifications are written.
First Time: (Faraji, Ali Asghar; Khosro Issazadeh; Samaneh Rouhi & Fatemeh Zaboli, 2019)
Second and more: (Faraji; Issazadeh; Rouhi & Zaboli, 2019)
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Type: Azad University
Paper No.: 3328
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