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The Preliminary Study of the Relationship Between Emotion Regulation Difficulties, Callous-Unemotional Traits and the Emergence of Oppositional Defiant Disorder in Outpatient Adolescents

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Year: 2015
COI code: JR_RIJO-4-1_003
Paper Language: English

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Authors The Preliminary Study of the Relationship Between Emotion Regulation Difficulties, Callous-Unemotional Traits and the Emergence of Oppositional Defiant Disorder in Outpatient Adolescents

  Arezoo Palizyan - Department of Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, IR Iran
  Seyede Fatemeh Sajadi - Young Researchers and Elite Club, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, IR Iran
  Mahnaz Mehrabizadeh Honarmand - Department of Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, IR Iran
  Nasrin Arshadi - Department of Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, IR Iran

Abstract:

Background: Previous research has demonstrated that oppositional defiant is a strong predictor of mental illness that cause significantdistress for adolescents who manifest the disorder and pose remarkable costs for society.Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of callous-unemotional traits and emotion regulation difficulties in predictingoppositional defiant disorder.Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive-correlative study performed on a sample of 320 male high school students, chosen viamulti-stage random sampling. Instruments used to collect data are inclusive of oppositional defiant behavior inventory (ODBI), difficultiesin emotion regulation strategies scale (DERS) and inventory of callous-unemotional traits (ICU).Results: The results suggest a significant relationship between oppositional defiant behavior, impulse control difficulties and callousness.Regression analysis revealed that 16% variance of oppositional defiant behavior can be explained by impulse control difficultiesand callousness.Conclusions: Our findings highlight the importance of callousness and impulse control difficulties in development of oppositionaldefiant disorder. Moving forward, clinicians should consider the importance of these variables in their future research to identify mechanismthrough which callousness and impulse control difficulties enhances risk of oppositional defiant disorder.

Keywords:

Oppositional Defiant Behavior, Callous-Unemotional Traits, Emotion Regulation

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COI code: JR_RIJO-4-1_003

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Palizyan, Arezoo; Seyede Fatemeh Sajadi; Mahnaz Mehrabizadeh Honarmand & Nasrin Arshadi, 2015, The Preliminary Study of the Relationship Between Emotion Regulation Difficulties, Callous-Unemotional Traits and the Emergence of Oppositional Defiant Disorder in Outpatient Adolescents, Razavi International Journal of Medicine 4 (1), https://www.civilica.com/Paper-JR_RIJO-JR_RIJO-4-1_003.htmlInside the text, wherever referred to or an achievement of this article is mentioned, after mentioning the article, inside the parental, the following specifications are written.
First Time: (Palizyan, Arezoo; Seyede Fatemeh Sajadi; Mahnaz Mehrabizadeh Honarmand & Nasrin Arshadi, 2015)
Second and more: (Palizyan; Sajadi; Mehrabizadeh Honarmand & Arshadi, 2015)
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Type: state university
Paper No.: 13712
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