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A Comparative Study of the Effects of Lake Urmia Water Reduction on Sustainable Rural Development Case Study: Rural Settlements of Miandoab and Azarshahr

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Year: 2019
COI code: AGRIHAMAYESH04_006
Paper Language: English

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Authors A Comparative Study of the Effects of Lake Urmia Water Reduction on Sustainable Rural Development Case Study: Rural Settlements of Miandoab and Azarshahr

Atila Mostafizadeh -
Araz Mostafizadeh -

Abstract:

Rural communities, as a large part of the social and demographic system of society, have valuable resources and resources, both human and natural and economic, that play a vital role in the development of society. The importance of rural development and its vital role in advancing countries, especially developing countries, is unknown to anyone. But today, the proliferation of environmental crises such as dehydration anddrought has put these communities at risk and entails high economic, social, physical and environmental costs, and has created a disruption in the development and sustainable development of these valuable areas. In this regard, the purpose of the present study is to investigate the consequences of drying up of Lake Urmia in sustainable rural development in rural settlements of Miandoab and Azarshahr countys. The type of applied research is descriptiveanalytical, library and field data collection (questionnaire, interview and observation). Descriptive and inferential statistics were used for data analysis. The study area is the cities of Miandoab and Azarshahr. According to the census of Iran, the population ofMiandoab city is 73388 households and 260628 population and the city of Azarshahr is 31812 households and 107579 population, 320of which are based on Cochran formula. Simple random sampling was chosen for the study.The research findings show that the easternhabitats are more affected by the drying up of Lake Urmia than the southern habitats. So that the most negative impact on economicdimensions (decrease of non-agricultural job opportunities, decrease of diversified and sustainable incomes, decrease of employmentopportunities and job creation and increase of housing prices etc.), environmental (land salinity, decrease of crop diversity andHorticulture, destruction of gardens and rangelands, increased pollution of water resources and rural environment and then had theleast impact on social dimension

Keywords:

Environmental Hazards, Sustainable Development, Drought, Miandoab, Azarshahr

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COI code: AGRIHAMAYESH04_006

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Mostafizadeh, Atila & Araz Mostafizadeh, 2019, A Comparative Study of the Effects of Lake Urmia Water Reduction on Sustainable Rural Development Case Study: Rural Settlements of Miandoab and Azarshahr, 4th International Conference on Applied Research in Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environment, همدان, دبيرخانه دائمي كنفرانس, https://www.civilica.com/Paper-AGRIHAMAYESH04-AGRIHAMAYESH04_006.htmlInside the text, wherever referred to or an achievement of this article is mentioned, after mentioning the article, inside the parental, the following specifications are written.
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