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Effect of Aromatherapy with Peppermint Oil on the Severity of Nausea and Vomiting in Pregnancy: A Single-blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled trial

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Year: 2019
COI code: DTOGIMED03_157
Paper Language: English

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Authors Effect of Aromatherapy with Peppermint Oil on the Severity of Nausea and Vomiting in Pregnancy: A Single-blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled trial

  Narges Joulaeerad - Student Research Committee, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery,Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  Giti Ozgoli - Midwifery and Reproductive Health Research Center, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School ofNursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  Homa Hajimehdipoor - Traditional Medicine and Materia Medica Research Center and Department of Traditional Pharmacy, School ofTraditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  Erfan Ghasemi - Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences,Tehran, Iran
  Fatemeh Salehimoghaddam - Student Research Committee, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery,Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract:

Background and Aim : Nausea and vomiting are common complaints in the first half of pregnancy. Thesesymptoms can significantly affect a person s personal and professional life. Aromatherapy is one of thetypes of complementary medicine that is used in the treatment of nausea and vomiting. The objective ofthis study was to determine the effect of aromatherapy with peppermint oil on the severity of nausea andvomiting of pregnancy (NVP).Methods : This was a single-blind clinical trial that was conducted on 56 pregnant women with mild tomoderate severity of NVP and 6 to 20 weeks of gestational age. After the determination of gestational ageand base severity of NVP in each woman, they were randomly assigned to one of the two groups:peppermint oil (n=28) or placebo (n=28). Inhalation aromatherapy was done for four days and at the end ofeach day, they responded to the Pregnancy Unique Quantification of Emesis/Nausea questionnaire (PUQE).The data obtained were analyzed with Mann-Whitney test and ANOVA with repeated measures using SPSSsoftware version 22. Also, the level of significance was p<0.05.Results : Although the severity of NVP in each intervention group significantly decreased (p<0.001), thecomparison of the severity of NVP during the study period and at the end of it was not statisticallysignificant between the placebo and intervention groups.Conclusion : According to the possibility of neurological mechanisms causing NVP, the effect ofaromatherapy with peppermint oil and placebo were the same in this study. This similarity can be due topsychological impacts of intervention on pregnant women

Keywords:

Aromatherapy, Inhalation, Mentha piperita, Nausea, Pregnancy, Vomiting

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COI code: DTOGIMED03_157

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Joulaeerad, Narges; Giti Ozgoli; Homa Hajimehdipoor; Erfan Ghasemi & Fatemeh Salehimoghaddam, 2019, Effect of Aromatherapy with Peppermint Oil on the Severity of Nausea and Vomiting in Pregnancy: A Single-blind, Randomized, Placebo-controlled trial, 3rd debatable topics on obstetrics gynecology & infertility, تهران, دانشگاه علوم پزشكي و خدمات بهداشتي و درماني شهيد بهشتي, https://www.civilica.com/Paper-DTOGIMED03-DTOGIMED03_157.htmlInside the text, wherever referred to or an achievement of this article is mentioned, after mentioning the article, inside the parental, the following specifications are written.
First Time: (Joulaeerad, Narges; Giti Ozgoli; Homa Hajimehdipoor; Erfan Ghasemi & Fatemeh Salehimoghaddam, 2019)
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