CIVILICA We Respect the Science
Publisher of Iranian Journals and Conference Proceedings
Paper
title

Water consumption assessment and treatment of carwashes wastewater in Karaj city, Iran

Credit to Download: 1 | Page Numbers 16 | Abstract Views: 107
Year: 2018
COI code: HWATERCONF02_025
Paper Language: English

How to Download This Paper

For Downloading the Fulltext of CIVILICA papers please visit the orginal Persian Section of website.

Authors Water consumption assessment and treatment of carwashes wastewater in Karaj city, Iran

  Raheleh Kafaei - 1. Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  Mohamadreza Massoudinejad - 2. Assistant professor, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract:

This study investigated the rate of water usage and the wastewater characteristics of carwashes in Karaj city, Iran and evaluated removal efficiency of turbidity and chemical oxygen demand (COD) in effluent of carwashes under coagulation/ flocculation/ sedimentation (C/F/S) process in 2 seasons. Physico- chemical properties of effluents from ten carwashes were characterized, and then, in 3 selected carwashes the removal rate of turbidity and COD was measured during C/F/S process by ferric chloride, ferric sulfate and aluminum sulfate (alum) under optimum conditions. The water consumption was estimated in the range of 46.98- 129.65 liter per car that was increased in summer rather than winter due to higher temperature and higher interval of car washing in summer. The concentration of detergents, oil and grease, COD and BOD5 exceeded the discharge standards to cesspool. In the optimum condition the removal efficiency (effluent value) of turbidity ranging from 97.41 - 99.64% (1.46 – 7.88 NTU) for raw wastewater and 75.22 - 97.24% (1.96 – 6.17 NTU) for settled wastewater, and for COD was ranged between 65.38 – 82.03% (132.4 – 219.4 mg/l) for raw samples and 40.56 – 78.70% (129.5 – 219.2 mg/l) for settled samples. Results indicated that C/F/S process can be effectively remove turbidity of carwash effluent but in the case of COD it can be used as pretreatment of carwash wastewater.

Keywords:

carwash effluent, coagulation/ flocculation/ sedimentation process, COD, turbidity, wastewater treatment

Perma Link

https://www.civilica.com/Paper-HWATERCONF02-HWATERCONF02_025.html
COI code: HWATERCONF02_025

how to cite to this paper:

If you want to refer to this article in your research, you can easily use the following in the resources and references section:
Kafaei, Raheleh & Mohamadreza Massoudinejad, 2018, Water consumption assessment and treatment of carwashes wastewater in Karaj city, Iran, Second International Management Conference, Water Demand and Productivity, همدان, دبيرخانه دائمي همايش, https://www.civilica.com/Paper-HWATERCONF02-HWATERCONF02_025.htmlInside the text, wherever referred to or an achievement of this article is mentioned, after mentioning the article, inside the parental, the following specifications are written.
First Time: (Kafaei, Raheleh & Mohamadreza Massoudinejad, 2018)
Second and more: (Kafaei & Massoudinejad, 2018)
For a complete overview of how to citation please review the following CIVILICA Guide (Citation)

Scientometrics

The University/Research Center Information:
in University Ranking and Scientometrics the Iranian universities and research centers are evaluated based on scientific papers.

Research Info Management

Export Citation info of this paper to research management softwares

New Related Papers

Iran Scientific Advertisment Netword

Share this paper

WHAT IS COI?

COI is a national code dedicated to all Iranian Conference and Journal Papers. the COI of each paper can be verified online.