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LONGITUDINAL VARIATIONS OF SALT FLUXES IN A SHALLOW ESTUARY WITH HYPERSALINE RUNOFF

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Year: 2018
COI code: ICOPMAS13_082
Paper Language: English

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Authors LONGITUDINAL VARIATIONS OF SALT FLUXES IN A SHALLOW ESTUARY WITH HYPERSALINE RUNOFF

  Seyed Taleb Hosseini - Iranian National Institute for Oceanography and Atmospheric Science
Seyed Mostafa Siadatmousavi - Iran University of Science &Technology, Tehran, Iran

Abstract:

As a result of high evaporation rate, a salinity maximum zone or salt plug [4] is likely to occur in a lowinflow estuary in which salinity is higher inside the salt plug than both its seaward and landward directions. The freshwater lens estuary (FLE) which we describe here, as a unique phenomenon, might occur when a hypersaline runoff from the watershed follows an almost freshwater river discharge with a time lag of few hours/days. Such a condition is likely to occur when a source of salinity exists in the watershed. This condition ismet for the Mond River Estuary (see Figure 1) in the northern coast of the Persian Gulf, and occurs occasionally during wet season in which precipitation over a saline soilarea close to the river produces a rain-driven flood. This hypersaline water mass follows a freshwater river inflow and enters into the estuary Two at least 25-hour tidal cycles of velocity, water level, temperature, and salinity were recorded at 4 stations along the estuary (see Figure 1). One period was selected during spring tide from 2 to 3 February 2014 (denoted by Experiment-1 hereafter) which included intense rain, and another period was during neap tide from 22 to 23 February 2014 (denoted by Experiment-2 hereafter). Theflood (18-21 February) was recorded in time series of the river inflow.

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COI code: ICOPMAS13_082

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Hosseini, Seyed Taleb & Seyed Mostafa Siadatmousavi, 2018, LONGITUDINAL VARIATIONS OF SALT FLUXES IN A SHALLOW ESTUARY WITH HYPERSALINE RUNOFF, 13th International Conference on Coasts, Ports and Marine Structures, تهران, سازمان بنادر و دريانوردي, https://www.civilica.com/Paper-ICOPMAS13-ICOPMAS13_082.htmlInside the text, wherever referred to or an achievement of this article is mentioned, after mentioning the article, inside the parental, the following specifications are written.
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