COI code: ICSAU02_1123
Paper Language: English
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Authors An introduction to Iran’s unknown architecture, Ab Anbaar structure in Qazvin Case Study: Haj Kazem Ab Anbaar in QazvinMorteza Seddigi - Institutions of Higher Learning Deilaman , Lahijan , Iran
Javad Yoosefi - Department of Architecture, Islamic Azad University North Branch Tehran, Iran
Ladan Shamsolebad - Department of Architecture, Islamic Azad University Qazvin Branch, Iran
Abstract:Ab Anbaar, lake, pool have been made to provide drinking water supply in Iran and other countries. However access to water was not same, but all of them have one thing in common, the storage of water. Haj Kazem Ab Anbaar was located in Maghlovak district which have made in Ghajar dynasty. This structure are include reservoir, stairway, Pa Shir, Sar Dar (portal) and two Bad gir (Windward). Reservoir capacity is 1870 m^3 and rectangle shape, which build from east to west. Tall portal have eight meter height and decorated with Maegheli (Islamic calligraohy) . Date analysis has been indicated that excavation and construction of this Ab Anbaar was done by Rikhtai method ( poured i.e made of poured lime-plaster) and while digging out, its ceiling was constructed. The construction material used for ab anbars were,slaked lime mortar,Saruj ( the type of plaster most commonly used called sarujm is a compound from six part clay, four parts lime, one part ash) , stone, wood and Ajor Ab Anbaari ( special bricks for construction of cistern). The roof of the reservoir has constructed barrel-vault and roof of the stairway constructed with two incrustration and Tagh ahang (kind of vault ). This building have SaghaKhane and Moazeneh(on top of the portal there is a place which called Moazeneh). This study has been taken by data library and conducting field studies of Ab Anbaar plan with triangulation method and technology of construction.
Keywords:Ab Anbaar, Haj Kazem Ab Anbaar, Construction’s technology, Rikhtai method, Tagh Kazhave (Barrel-vault)
COI code: ICSAU02_1123
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Seddigi, Morteza; Javad Yoosefi & Ladan Shamsolebad, 2014, An introduction to Iran’s unknown architecture, Ab Anbaar structure in Qazvin Case Study: Haj Kazem Ab Anbaar in Qazvin, 2nd international congress of structure, architecture and urban development, تبريز, دبيرخانه دائمي كنگره بين المللي سازه ، معماري و توسعه شهري, https://www.civilica.com/Paper-ICSAU02-ICSAU02_1123.htmlInside the text, wherever referred to or an achievement of this article is mentioned, after mentioning the article, inside the parental, the following specifications are written.
First Time: (Seddigi, Morteza; Javad Yoosefi & Ladan Shamsolebad, 2014)
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