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Experimental Study of a Novel Design Dead-End H2/O2 PEM Fuel Cell Stack with unified Humidifier

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Year: 2015
COI code: IEAC02_157
Paper Language: English

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Authors Experimental Study of a Novel Design Dead-End H2/O2 PEM Fuel Cell Stack with unified Humidifier

  Ebrahim Alizadeh - Malek-Ashtar University of Technology Fuel Cell Technology Research Laboratory Fridonkenar, Iran
  Majid Khorshidian - Malek-Ashtar University of Technology Fuel Cell Technology Research Laboratory Fridonkenar, Iran
  Seyed Hossein Masrori Saadat - Malek-Ashtar University of Technology Fuel Cell Technology Research LaboratoryFridonkenar, Iran
  Mazaher Rahimi-Esbo - Malek-Ashtar University of Technology Fuel Cell Technology Research Laboratory Fridonkenar, Iran

Abstract:

Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) with a dead-ended anode and cathode can obtain high hydrogen and oxygen utilization by a comparatively simple system.Accumulation of the water in the anode and cathode channels can lead to a local fuel starvation, which degrades theperformance and durability of PEMFCs. In this paper for thefirst time, a new design for a polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel-cell stack is presented that can achieve higher fuel utilization without using hydrogen and oxygen recirculation devices such as hydrogen pumps or ejectors, which consumeparasitic power and require additional control schemes. Unified humidifier is another novelty that is applied for the first time. Allpart of systems is compact in a module. The basic concept of the proposed design is to divide the anodic cells of a stack into two blocks by conducting the outlet gas of each stage to a separator and reentering to next stage, thereby constructing a multistage anode and cathode. In this design, a higher gaseous flow rate is maintained at the outlet of the cells, even under dead-end conditions, and this results in a reduction of purge-gas emissions by hindering the accumulation of liquid water in the cells. The result shows that with this new design the dead-end mode condition has the same performance as open-end mode.

Keywords:

PEM Fuel Cell; Dead-end Operation; Purge time;Stack design; Unified Humidifire

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COI code: IEAC02_157

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Alizadeh, Ebrahim; Majid Khorshidian; Seyed Hossein Masrori Saadat & Mazaher Rahimi-Esbo, 2015, Experimental Study of a Novel Design Dead-End H2/O2 PEM Fuel Cell Stack with unified Humidifier, International Conference on Technology and Energy Management, تهران -پژوهشگاه نفت, انجمن انرژي ايران, https://www.civilica.com/Paper-IEAC02-IEAC02_157.htmlInside the text, wherever referred to or an achievement of this article is mentioned, after mentioning the article, inside the parental, the following specifications are written.
First Time: (Alizadeh, Ebrahim; Majid Khorshidian; Seyed Hossein Masrori Saadat & Mazaher Rahimi-Esbo, 2015)
Second and more: (Alizadeh; Khorshidian; Masrori Saadat & Rahimi-Esbo, 2015)
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Type: state university
Paper No.: 7490
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