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Combined effects of obesity and metabolic status on the risk of incident chronic kidney disease events: pooled analysis of longitudinal studies

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Year: 2016
COI code: IPMCMED01_039
Paper Language: English

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Authors Combined effects of obesity and metabolic status on the risk of incident chronic kidney disease events: pooled analysis of longitudinal studies

  Shahab Alizadeh - Department of Cellular and Molecular Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran

Abstract:

Background: Emerging evidence has shown that obesity has different phenotypes and a subset of obese individuals, known as metabolically healthy obese (MHO) subjects, might be at lower risk for developing obesity-derived complications than their metabolically unhealthy obese (MUHO) peers. Although most previous studies have linked obesity to chronic kidney disease (CKD), reports regarding the association between MHO phenotype and risk of CKD are inconsistent. This meta-analysis was conducted to comprehensively analyze the risk of CKD in different phenotypes of body size. Methods: The EMBASE, MEDLINE, and Web of Science databases were systematically searched until May 2016 to identify all prospective cohort studies exploring CKD risk associated with metabolic phenotypes of body size. Body size phenotypes were defined based on the combination of the presence/absence metabolic syndrome and categories of body mass index. The estimated risks and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were extracted and pooled using a random-effects model. Results: A total of 7 studies, with 3596 cases and 142824 participants were included in the meta-analysis. The analysis revealed that individuals with metabolically healthy obesity were at increased risk for CKD compared with healthy normal-weight participants (OR =1.45; CI =1.26-1.64, fixed effects), but had lower risks than metabolically unhealthy obese (OR =2.04, 95%CI =1.40–2.68, random effects) individuals. In addition, normal-weight individuals with metabolically unhealthy status had almost similar risk for CKD as those with metabolically healthy obesity phenotype (OR =1.44, 95%CI =1.16–1.72, fixed effects). Conclusion: These findings suggest that persons with metabolic aberrations, however at normal-weight, have an increased risk for incident CKD. Healthy obese subjects had higher risk; refuting the notion that metabolically healthy obesity is a benign condition.

Keywords:

Obesity, chronic kidney disease, meta-analysis

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COI code: IPMCMED01_039

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Alizadeh, Shahab, 2016, Combined effects of obesity and metabolic status on the risk of incident chronic kidney disease events: pooled analysis of longitudinal studies, First Personal Medical Congress, تهران, دانشگاه علوم پزشكي ايران - پژوهشكده ملي مهندسي ژنتيك و زيست فناوري ايران، مركز همكاري هاي فناوري و نوآوري هاي رياست جمهوري, https://www.civilica.com/Paper-IPMCMED01-IPMCMED01_039.htmlInside the text, wherever referred to or an achievement of this article is mentioned, after mentioning the article, inside the parental, the following specifications are written.
First Time: (Alizadeh, Shahab, 2016)
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Type: Medical University
Paper No.: 6412
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