Published in: فصلنامه جهانی علوم و مدیریت محیط زیست، دوره: 1، شماره: 3
COI code: JR_GJESM-1-3_004
Paper Language: English
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Authors Sub-critical water as a green solvent for production of valuable materials from agricultural waste biomass: A review of recent workA Shitu - Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
T. M. Tahir - Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Federal University Dutse, Jigawa State, Nigeria
Abstract:Agricultural waste biomass generated from agricultural production and food processing industry are abundant, such as durian peel, mango peel, corn straw, rice bran, corn shell, potato peel and many more. Due to low commercial value, these wastes are disposed in landfill, which if not managed properly may cause environmental problems. Currently, environmental laws and regulations pertaining to the pollution from agricultural waste streams by regulatory agencies are stringent and hence the application of toxic solvents during processing has become public concern. Recent development in valuable materials extraction from the decomposition of agricultural waste by subcritical water treatment from the published literature was review. Physico-chemical characteristic (reaction temperature, reaction time and solid to liquid ratio) of the sub-critical water affecting its yield were also reviewed. The utilization of biomass residue from agriculture, forest wood production and from food and feed processing industry may be an important alternative renewable energy supply. The paper also presents future research on sub-critical water.
Keywords:Agricultural waste, Bio-fuel, Phenolic compounds, Sub-critical water treatment (SCW), Water soluble sugars
COI code: JR_GJESM-1-3_004
how to cite to this paper:If you want to refer to this article in your research, you can easily use the following in the resources and references section:
Shitu, A & T. M. Tahir, 2015, Sub-critical water as a green solvent for production of valuable materials from agricultural waste biomass: A review of recent work, Global Journal of Environmental Science and Management 1 (3), https://www.civilica.com/Paper-JR_GJESM-JR_GJESM-1-3_004.htmlInside the text, wherever referred to or an achievement of this article is mentioned, after mentioning the article, inside the parental, the following specifications are written.
First Time: (Shitu, A & T. M. Tahir, 2015)
Second and more: (Shitu & Tahir, 2015)
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