Published in: ماهنامه بین المللی مهندسی، دوره: 32، شماره: 8
COI code: JR_IJE-32-8_019
Paper Language: English
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Authors An Uncertainty-based Transition from Open Pit to Underground Miningali soltani Khaboushan - Department of Mining and Metallurgical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Morteza Osanloo - Department of Mining and Metallurgical Engineering, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:There are some large scale orebodies that extend from surface to the extreme depths of the ground. Such orebodies should be extracted by a combination of surface and underground mining methods. Economically, it is highly important to know the limit of upper and lower mining activities. This concern leads the mine designers to the transition problem, which is one of the most complicated problems in mining industry. The transition problem is categorized as a strategic one and is formulated in the form of long-term production scheduling problems. This implies that the transition problem is highly affected by the uncertainties that are rooted in the quantity and quality of an explored orebody. The current study aims to evaluate the effects of geological uncertainty on transition depth. To this aim, an integer programming (IP) model was executed on different simulations of an orebody. The results indicate that the net present value (NPV) of the deterministic solution is greater than that of the basic alternative. However, the uncertainty-based solutions show that the NPV of the whole mining operation is lower than the basic and deterministic solutions mostly (more than 72% of the simulations). Nevertheless, there are some rare cases in which the NPV of the operation may increase ideally up to 2.5 % due to development of the pit bottom downward. Finally, because of a negligible difference between the average NPV of the simulations and that of basic alternative, it is expected that the primitive pit bottom would play the role of transition depth.
Keywords:Transition depth, Geological uncertainty, Production scheduling
COI code: JR_IJE-32-8_019
how to cite to this paper:If you want to refer to this article in your research, you can easily use the following in the resources and references section:
soltani Khaboushan, ali & Morteza Osanloo, 2019, An Uncertainty-based Transition from Open Pit to Underground Mining, International Journal of Engineering (IJE) 32 (8), https://www.civilica.com/Paper-JR_IJE-JR_IJE-32-8_019.htmlInside the text, wherever referred to or an achievement of this article is mentioned, after mentioning the article, inside the parental, the following specifications are written.
First Time: (soltani Khaboushan, ali & Morteza Osanloo, 2019)
Second and more: (soltani Khaboushan & Osanloo, 2019)
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Type: state university
Paper No.: 19671
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