Published in: فصلنامه انرژی و محیط زیست ایران، دوره: 2، شماره: 1
COI code: JR_IJEE-2-1_010
Paper Language: English
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Authors Biomass as a Source of Household Energy and Indoor Air Pollution in NepalSunil Prasad Lohani - Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kathmandu University, Nepal
Abstract:This paper reviews the status of biomass as a source of household energy and indoor air pollution in Nepal. The current statistics show that about 89% of total energy is consumed in residential sector islargely for cooking and heating purpose. The major sources of residential energy are fuel wood (86.5%),animal dung (6.5%) and agricultural residue (3.7%), which clearly indicates a huge demand for biomass as household energy in the country. Several studies have shown that particulate matter (PM ) concentration on 10 cooking place was about 8000 μg/m3 against the national standard of 120 μg/m3 in 24 hours average time.Similarly, the total suspended particle (TSP) was about 8,800 μg/m3 against national standard of 230 μg/m3,21 ppm of carbon monoxide (CO) against national standard of 9 ppm in 8 hour average was found where biomass was used as fuel. Moreover, these studies have also shown that mortality and morbidity rates among children and women are extremely high due to acute respiratory infection (ARI) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This clearly indicates that the major cause behind it is indoor air pollution
Keywords:Biomass % Indoor air pollution % Mortality % Particulate matter % Acute respiratory infection
COI code: JR_IJEE-2-1_010
how to cite to this paper:If you want to refer to this article in your research, you can easily use the following in the resources and references section:
Prasad Lohani, Sunil, 2010, Biomass as a Source of Household Energy and Indoor Air Pollution in Nepal, Iranica Journal of Energy and Environment (IJEE) 2 (1), https://www.civilica.com/Paper-JR_IJEE-JR_IJEE-2-1_010.htmlInside the text, wherever referred to or an achievement of this article is mentioned, after mentioning the article, inside the parental, the following specifications are written.
First Time: (Prasad Lohani, Sunil, 2010)
Second and more: (Prasad Lohani, 2010)
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