Published in: مجله مامایی و بهداشت باروری، دوره: 5، شماره: 2
COI code: JR_JMREH-5-2_001
Paper Language: English
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Authors Impact of a Counseling Program on Depression, Anxiety, Stress, and Spiritual Intelligence in Pregnant WomenBatul Khodakarami - 1-M.SC in midwifery education. Mother & Child Care Research Center. Department of midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, iran.
Faegheh Golalizadeh Bibalan - 2-M.SC in midwifery. Department of midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Hamedan, iran. M.SC in midwifery. Mother and Child Care Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences,
Farzaneh Soltani - 3-PHD in Midwifery. Assistant Professor. Mother & Child Care Research Center. Department of midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, iran
Alireza Soltanian - 4-PHD in Biostatistics. Associate professor. Modeling of Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center. Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology. School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
Abstract:Background & aim: Recent studies showed that spirituality and spiritual intelligence in pregnant women are associated with mental reactions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of spiritual counseling on pregnant women s spiritual intelligence and common mental reactions during pregnancy. Methods: Inthis quasi-experimental study, 80 multiparous and nulliparous pregnant women were randomly selected from among pregnant women referring to our clinic. The patients were screened and then randomly assigned to intervention (n=40) and control (n=40) groups. The intervention group was divided into four groups of ten and then received spiritual counseling during eight sessions. The control group only received the routine care. The data was collected by using a demographic form, Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21), and King spiritual intelligence scale. Both groups were followed immediately and two months after the intervention. To analyze the data, descriptive and analytical statistics were used in SPSS, version 16. Results: Before the intervention, there was no significant difference in mean scores of depression, anxiety, stress, spiritual intelligence, and its components between the two groups (P> 0.05). However, immediately and two month after the intervention, the results showed a significant difference between the two groups in terms of mean scores of depression, anxiety, stress, spiritual intelligence, and its components (P<0.05). There was a non-significant difference in the mean scores of depression, anxiety, and stress over time (before, immediately after, and two months after the intervention) in the intervention group (P> 0.05). The mean scores of spiritual intelligence and its components significantly increased over time (before, immediately, and two months after the intervention) in the intervention group (P<0.05). Conclusion: Spiritual counseling was effective in enhancing spiritual intelligence and controlling depression, anxiety, and stress in pregnant women.
Keywords:Anxiety, Depression, pregnancy, Spiritual Intelligence, stress
COI code: JR_JMREH-5-2_001
how to cite to this paper:If you want to refer to this article in your research, you can easily use the following in the resources and references section:
Khodakarami, Batul; Faegheh Golalizadeh Bibalan; Farzaneh Soltani & Alireza Soltanian, 2017, Impact of a Counseling Program on Depression, Anxiety, Stress, and Spiritual Intelligence in Pregnant Women, Journal of Midwifery and Reproductive Health 5 (2), https://www.civilica.com/Paper-JR_JMREH-JR_JMREH-5-2_001.htmlInside the text, wherever referred to or an achievement of this article is mentioned, after mentioning the article, inside the parental, the following specifications are written.
First Time: (Khodakarami, Batul; Faegheh Golalizadeh Bibalan; Farzaneh Soltani & Alireza Soltanian, 2017)
Second and more: (Khodakarami; Golalizadeh Bibalan; Soltani & Soltanian, 2017)
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The University/Research Center Information:
Type: Medical University
Paper No.: 60
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