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Is there any association between human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection and Behcet’s disease

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Year: 2018
COI code: JR_RHRE-3-4_002
Paper Language: English

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Authors Is there any association between human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection and Behcet’s disease

  Mohammad Javad Yazdanpanah - Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Research Center, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
  Mohammad Reza Hedayati-Moghaddam - Blood Borne Infections Research Center, Academic Center for Education, Culture & Research (ACECR), Razavi Khorasan Branch, Mashhad, Iran
  Maryam Sahebari - Rheumatic Diseases Research Center (RDRC), School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
  Mahmoud Mahmoudi - Immunology Research Center, Bu-Ali Research Institute, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract:

Both human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection and Behcet’s disease (BD) are common to a similar geographic area. Furthermore, some clinical presentations of BD and HTLV-1 infection, such as ocular lesions and neurologic involvement, are the same. The aim of this study was to assess a possible association between BD and HTLV-1 infection.In this case-control study, the HTLV-1 infection frequency in BD patients was compared with that for the general population. The case group consisted of 68 patients with a definite diagnosis of BD who referred to a research center at Mashhad University of Medical Sciences in Mashhad, Iran. The control group consisted of 210 healthy individuals selected from the general population of Mashhad. The presence of HTLV antibodies in the sera was assessed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and the seroreactive samples were confirmed by polymerase chain reaction.HTLV-1 infection was detected in 4.41% (3/68) and 1.43% (3/210) of cases and controls, respectively; however, the difference was not statistically significant (P value = 0.16).The prevalence of HTLV1 infection in patients with BD was three-fold higher than in the general population, which suggests an association between these two conditions.

Keywords:

Behcet’s disease, HTLV-1 infection, Prevalence, Case-control study

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COI code: JR_RHRE-3-4_002

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Yazdanpanah, Mohammad Javad; Mohammad Reza Hedayati-Moghaddam; Maryam Sahebari & Mahmoud Mahmoudi, 2018, Is there any association between human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection and Behcet’s disease, Rheumatology Research 3 (4), https://www.civilica.com/Paper-JR_RHRE-JR_RHRE-3-4_002.htmlInside the text, wherever referred to or an achievement of this article is mentioned, after mentioning the article, inside the parental, the following specifications are written.
First Time: (Yazdanpanah, Mohammad Javad; Mohammad Reza Hedayati-Moghaddam; Maryam Sahebari & Mahmoud Mahmoudi, 2018)
Second and more: (Yazdanpanah; Hedayati-Moghaddam; Sahebari & Mahmoudi, 2018)
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Type: Medical University
Paper No.: 5635
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