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Simulation of Hypothetical Oil Spill from Platforms of KHARK Oilfield in the Persian Gulf Using MIKE21 Model

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Year: 2017
COI code: MASERE01_011
Paper Language: English

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Authors Simulation of Hypothetical Oil Spill from Platforms of KHARK Oilfield in the Persian Gulf Using MIKE21 Model

  Mohamad Sadegh Sadeghian - Assistant Professor of Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
   Hosseinkhani - MSc. of Water Engineering, Islamic Azad University Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
  Soheil Abed - BSc. Of Civil Engineering, University of Garmsar, Semnan, Iran

Abstract:

The Persian Gulf has extensive oil and gas resources and oil transport activities in the world. Because of this, it is exposed to high potential of oil spill. A progressive increase in traffics of the vessels in the Persian Gulf led to pay more attention to prepare practical contingency plans. This paper presents the results analyses of particular hypothetical oil spill scenario in KHARK offshore oilfield which is one of the oldest discovered oil fields in Persian Gulf. Simulation of oil spill was carried out using MIKE21 model. After completion of simulation, it is safe to say that wind will play a vital role in advection and spreading of the oil slick in the sea. Tidal currents in the Persian Gulf have a Reciprocating motion which causes oil slick does not go far away. So, currents have negligible effect on advection and spreading of oil. The vast majority of spilled oil was evaporated in the first few days following a spill. The oil will pollute the marine environment by dispersing it in the water column and sedimentation on the sea floor. At last, the results of MIKE21 model lend support to the fact that they are in good agreement with field observation and it would be a golden key to prepare a practical contingency planning to combat against destructive effects of oil pollution on marine environment.

Keywords:

Oil Spill Modeling, Hydrodynamic, Persian Gulf, Khark

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COI code: MASERE01_011

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Sadeghian, Mohamad Sadegh; Hosseinkhani & Soheil Abed, 2017, Simulation of Hypothetical Oil Spill from Platforms of KHARK Oilfield in the Persian Gulf Using MIKE21 Model, The 1st International Conference in Marine and Atmospheric Sciences Environments,Renewable Energy, تهران, شركت پژوهش محوران آرمان دريا, پژوهشگاه ملي اقيانوس شناسي و علوم جوي- مركز اقيانوس شناسي چابهار, https://www.civilica.com/Paper-MASERE01-MASERE01_011.htmlInside the text, wherever referred to or an achievement of this article is mentioned, after mentioning the article, inside the parental, the following specifications are written.
First Time: (Sadeghian, Mohamad Sadegh; Hosseinkhani & Soheil Abed, 2017)
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Type: Azad University
Paper No.: 11815
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