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Key Steps towards the Development of a Tsunami Warning System in Southern Coasts of Iran

Credit to Download: 1 | Page Numbers 8 | Abstract Views: 1996
Year: 2008
COI code: NCCE04_652
Paper Language: English

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Authors Key Steps towards the Development of a Tsunami Warning System in Southern Coasts of Iran

  Mohammad Heidarzadeh - School of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
  Moharram Dolatshahi Pirooz - School of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
  Nasser Hadjizadeh Zaker - Graduate Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Abstract:

Makran subduction zone, located off southern coasts of Iran and Pakistan, is one the most tsunamigenic sources in the Indian Ocean which has generated deadly tsunamis in the past. Historical records reveal that this region produced the second deadliest tsunami in the Indian Ocean region which is the Makran tsunami of 1945 with a death toll of about 4000 people. Following the December 26, 2004 mega-tsunami in the Indian Ocean and in accordance with international efforts organized by Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC/UNESCO), Iran has been committed to develop its national tsunami warning system and to cooperate with neighboring countries to develop a regional tsunami warning system for Makran region. Presently, the implementation of key elements for developing such a system is in progress. Based on a wide archival research, first tsunami catalog for the Makran region is provided which includes 4 events. This catalog greatly improves the understanding of tsunami hazard in the region. For earthquake and tsunami detection, a network of seismograms and DARTs (Deep-ocean Assessment and Recording of Tsunami) are planned to be installed in and off southern coasts of Iran. A model for modeling of tsunami generation has been provided which allows identification of low, medium and extreme hazard categories of arriving tsunamis after the earthquake generation. To model tsunami propagation and run-up, a finite-difference numerical model with non-linear long wave theory, known as TUNAMI, is used. For prevention purposes, tsunami inundation and evacuation maps for several coastal areas are planned to be produced in the near future.

Keywords:

Tsunami, Makran Subduction Zone, Tsunami Warning System

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COI code: NCCE04_652

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Heidarzadeh, Mohammad; Moharram Dolatshahi Pirooz & Nasser Hadjizadeh Zaker, 2008, Key Steps towards the Development of a Tsunami Warning System in Southern Coasts of Iran, 04th National Congress on Civil Engineering, تهران, دانشگاه تهران, https://www.civilica.com/Paper-NCCE04-NCCE04_652.htmlInside the text, wherever referred to or an achievement of this article is mentioned, after mentioning the article, inside the parental, the following specifications are written.
First Time: (Heidarzadeh, Mohammad; Moharram Dolatshahi Pirooz & Nasser Hadjizadeh Zaker, 2008)
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Type: state university
Paper No.: 55358
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