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The Effect of Rhythmic Movement Training on Eye and Hand Coordination in Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder

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Year: 2019
COI code: NSCMED08_157
Paper Language: English

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Authors The Effect of Rhythmic Movement Training on Eye and Hand Coordination in Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder

  Sadaf Ebrahimnejad - B.Sc. in Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabatabai University, Urmia
  Lila Mohammad Hosin Khosh - Master of Education (Primary Education) Islamic Azad University of Urmia


Background and Aim : Children and adolescents with developmental coordination disorder show a reluctance to engage in activities that require physical and motor response and they have a low tolerance, frustration, and low self-esteem (Archibald and Alloway,2008). Developmental coordination disorder is an injury, immature, or motor disorder. Given this, one may face problems with speech, eye movements, perception, thinking, special learning problems, personality, and behavior and stability (Ball,2002). The term developmental coordination disorder has replaced with visual-motor problems, developmental dysfunction, and physical dysplasia, clumsy. Developmental coordination disorder is related to condition in which children have difficulties in learning and performing different aspects and these problems are not the result of any other known medical conditions (Hyde and Wilson,2011). Developmental coordination abnormalities occur when there is a delay in the development of motor skills, or problems occur in performing coordinated movements, which resulting in the inability to perform daily tasks. A child with developmental coordination disorder may have problems in analyze the sensory information that receives from the environment, use this information to select the appropriate action plan, arrange every movements, send the correct message to produce a concerted action, or integrate all of this actions to control movement (Smits-Engelsman et al.2013). In rhythmic movements due to the weight, order and harmony of its components and elements, and also these movements fruition of rich movement sensory experiences, audible, visual musical stimuli and appearance sequence of stimuli and responses, conditions are created for children in which in addition to subjective, cognitive, perceptual, and motor questions, there are areas for the future development and successful learning of academic skills such as reading, writing and calculating (Rafi, 2004). The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of rhythmic movement training on eye and hand coordination in children with developmental coordination disorderMethods : The method of this study is quasi-experimental and pretest-posttest. This study was performed by screening through Wilson Growth Questionnaire 2007 and teachers Motor Observation Inventory of 543 male students of 8 to 11 year-old in Urmia, that was diagnosed 30 children with developmental coordination abnormalities and these were participated in the research by obtaining written consent from the parents. The experimental group participated in 8 week course and 3 times a week for each 45 minute session of the rhythmic movement program. The control group only participated in routine school activities during this time. The tools used in this study included Soda Pop eye-hand coordination tests, developmental rhythmic movements based on the Galahoo model (2011). Accordingly, ANCOVA test was used to investigate the research hypotheses Results : The results of covariance showed that there was a significant difference (p <0.05) between control group and rhythmic exercises (F = 50.620).Conclusion : Therefore, rhythmic exercises can have a positive effect on hand and eye coordination of male students. So, educators and teachers need to use this tool to improve students hand-eye coordination and cognitive-motor skills in their training programs.


Rhythmic Movement, Eye and Hand Coordination, Children, Developmental Coordination Disorder

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COI code: NSCMED08_157

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Ebrahimnejad, Sadaf & Lila Mohammad Hosin Khosh, 2019, The Effect of Rhythmic Movement Training on Eye and Hand Coordination in Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder, 8th basic and clinical neuroscience congress, تهران, دانشگاه علوم پزشكي و خدمات بهداشتي درماني ايران, the text, wherever referred to or an achievement of this article is mentioned, after mentioning the article, inside the parental, the following specifications are written.
First Time: (Ebrahimnejad, Sadaf & Lila Mohammad Hosin Khosh, 2019)
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The University/Research Center Information:
Type: state university
Paper No.: 12936
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