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The Effect of Cigarette and Hookah Smoke on Or Rafsanjan al Bacterial Growth, Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguis:An in vitro study.

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Year: 2019
COI code: SRCCG05_018
Paper Language: English

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Authors The Effect of Cigarette and Hookah Smoke on Or Rafsanjan al Bacterial Growth, Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguis:An in vitro study.

Farimah Sardari - Oral Medicine Department, Dental School, University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
  Faezeh Aghamolaei - Dentistry student, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran

Abstract:

Background: Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguis are two important bacteria of the oral microflora. S. mutans is the most important cause of dental caries and S. sanguis plays an important role in formation of microbial plaque.Objectives: The present study aimed to determine the effect of cigarettes and hookah on thebacterial growth of S. mutans and S.saguis.Methods: The standard strains of S. mutans PTCC = 1683 and S. sanguis PTCC = 1449 were cultured on blood agar and incubated for 48 hours in different environments, including atmospheric air, carbon dioxide, three types of cigarette smoke Winston, ultralight Winston, and Kent , and fruity tobacco. Then, the diameter of colonies was measured and data was compared using statistical tests,such as one-way ANOVA.Results: Bacterial growth was 80%, 100%, 61%, 48%, and 59% in carbon dioxide, Winston, Kent, Ultralight Winston, fruit tobacco, respectively, for S.mutans P < 0.001 and 134%, 38%, 169%, 105%, and 61%, respectively, for S. sanguis, which were higher than ordinary air P < 0.001 , in addition, the growth of S. mutans was more than S. sanguisin the Winston group.Conclusions: These findings showed that the growth of S. sanguis was significantly greater than S. mutans in all groups, except in the Winston group.

Keywords:

Cigarette Smoking, Tobacco, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguis

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COI code: SRCCG05_018

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Sardari, Farimah & Faezeh Aghamolaei, 2019, The Effect of Cigarette and Hookah Smoke on Or Rafsanjan al Bacterial Growth, Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sanguis:An in vitro study., 5th congress of student research committee of rafsanjan university of medical sciences, رفسنجان, دانشگاه علوم پزشكي رفسنجان, https://www.civilica.com/Paper-SRCCG05-SRCCG05_018.htmlInside the text, wherever referred to or an achievement of this article is mentioned, after mentioning the article, inside the parental, the following specifications are written.
First Time: (Sardari, Farimah & Faezeh Aghamolaei, 2019)
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