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Title

Changes in crystallinity of HDPE films containing different amounts of an oxo-biodegradable additive due to UVC exposure

Year: 1398
COI: JR_POJ-7-1_003
Language: EnglishView: 345
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Authors

Soheyl Khajehpour-Tadavani - Department of Polymer Engineering, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran
Gholam-Reza nejabat - Department of Polymer Engineering, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran
Seyed Mohammad Mahdi Mortazavi - Faculty of Engineering, Iran Polymer and Petrochemical Institute, Tehran, Iran,

Abstract:

Crystallinities of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) films containing various amounts of an oxo-biodegradableadditive (HES-W) were investigated immediately after preparation and 6 weeks after ultraviolet (UV) irradiation(λ=254 nm). HDPE granules were mixed with oxo-biodegradable masterbatch in a twin-screw extruder and theextrudates were converted into films with thicknesses of 35±5 micrometers. The films were exposed to UV lightfor 6 weeks. Crystallinities of the films are investigated by X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD) and differentialscanning calorimetry (DSC). The XRD results show that upon UV exposure, the crystallinities of the films enhance.The DSC thermograms have confirmed the XRD results and also show a decrease in melting points of the samplesafter UV exposure. Further investigations on viscosity average molecular weights (Mv) of the samples show thattheir Mv decrease sharply after UV exposure. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) shows clear cracks on thesamples surfaces after 6 weeks exposure to UV irradiation. Investigating the functionalities of the polymers throughFourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) show the emergence of carbonyl peaks after UV irradiation so thatthe carbonyl index of the samples increases. It is concluded that maximum oxo-biodegradation enhancement of theHDPE film samples can be achieved by using a specific amount of the oxo-compound (3 wt%); furthermore thecrystallinities of the samples show considerable enhancement after UV exposure which can be due to better packingability of low molecular weight chains along with probable dipole-dipole attractions between the carbonyl groupson different newly formed short polar chains. Polyolefins J (2020) 7: 25-32

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This Paper COI Code is JR_POJ-7-1_003. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/1005241/

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Khajehpour-Tadavani, Soheyl and nejabat, Gholam-Reza and Mortazavi, Seyed Mohammad Mahdi,1398,Changes in crystallinity of HDPE films containing different amounts of an oxo-biodegradable additive due to UVC exposure,https://civilica.com/doc/1005241

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Type of center: Azad University
Paper count: 6,909
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