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Title

Groundwater Dams, A reliable approach for reducing drought effects in arid and semiarid regions

Year: 1399
COI: EMGBC02_041
Language: EnglishView: 337
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Authors

Sayed Naeim Emami - Assistant Professor, Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Agricultural Research and Education Organization, Shahrekord, Iran

Abstract:

Many developing countries are located in areas where the rainfall is seasonal and unpredictable. Necessary water prepare by saving water in wet seasons and years for applying in the dry seasons or years in these countries. One of the suitable methods to manage drought effects is applying of groundwater. But these water resources ending in the end of dry season in some arid regions. The use of groundwater dams is one of the water storage methods that have been considered in recent years. Compared to conventional storage dams,groundwater dams have many advantages. In this method, evaporation losses reduced or even completely disappear. Groundwater dams, once and for always being developed and the water storage is available for a long time while the volume of reservoir in surface dam reduced due to deposition of sediments and plant growth and also regularly subjected to evaporation or damage due to severe floods. In this way, the stored water is less polluted and health hazards such as malaria and snail fever outbreak there in surface reservoirs is excluded. Subsurface dams and sand storage dams are two groundwater dams which are being implemented. Subsurface dams are constructed below ground level and will block flow in the aquifer. But the sand storage dams, store water in the accumulated sediments behind the dam. This article is merely to examine various aspects of findingsites and buildings methods of sub-surface dams as a very useful tool for arid and semi-arid areas

Keywords:

Groundwater dams - Subsurface dams – Arid and semi-arid areas – Drought

Paper COI Code

This Paper COI Code is EMGBC02_041. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/1045067/

How to Cite to This Paper:

If you want to refer to this Paper in your research work, you can simply use the following phrase in the resources section:
Emami, Sayed Naeim,1399,Groundwater Dams, A reliable approach for reducing drought effects in arid and semiarid regions,Second International Conference on Development of Materials Engineering Technology, Mining and Geology,Tehran,https://civilica.com/doc/1045067

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COI stands for "CIVILICA Object Identifier". COI is the unique code assigned to articles of Iranian conferences and journals when indexing on the CIVILICA citation database.

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