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Title

Spatial distributions of natural radionuclide concentrations of bottled mineral water: doses estimation and health risk assessment

Spatial distributions of natural radionuclide concentrations of bottled mineral water: doses estimation and health risk assessment
Year: 1399
COI: JR_EHEM-7-2_005
Language: EnglishView: 122
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Authors

Amineh Salehipour - Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Akbar Eslami - Corresponding author:Environmental and Occupational Hazards Control Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Mohammad Mirzaee - Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute, Karaj, Iran
Fatemeh Bolori - Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute, Karaj, Iran
Mohammad Hossien Saghi - Department of Environmental Health, School of Public Health, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
Zohreh Bahmani - Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Marjan Hashemi - Environmental and Occupational Hazards Control Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract:

Background: Evaluation of the various types of water reveal that groundwater comprises 99% of the earth’s available fresh water. Many factors affect the type and degree of mineralization, as well as the natural radionuclides content in these types of water. The consumption of bottled natural mineral water, which comes from groundwater, among Iranians is gradually increasing. Therefore, the detection of high concentrations of radionuclides, associated with consumption of groundwater, is proposed as a public health problem in several areas. Methods: In this study, the activity concentration of natural radionuclides such as 226Ra, 228Ra, 210Pb, and 40K, annual effective dose for three age groups (<1 year, 7-12 years, and >17 years), and excess lifetime cancer risk due to the ingestion of natural radionuclides present in 70 different commercial bottled mineral waters from most provinces of Iran, were evaluated. Activity concentrations were measured using gamma spectrometry and a high purity germanium detector (HPGe). Results: The results showed that the activity concentrations of natural radionuclides were higher than those reported in the same studies in other countries. Also, the annul effective dose for the three age groups was much higher than the recommended value (0.1 mSvyr-1), as reported by the WHO. The excess lifetime cancer risk for three radionuclides, 226Ra, 228Ra, and 40K, were less than the acceptable value of 10-3 for radiological risk, while the risk for 210Pb was higher than the recommended value. Conclusion: According to the results of this study, the frequent use of bottled waters produced in different provinces of Iran possess health hazards to consumers.

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This Paper COI Code is JR_EHEM-7-2_005. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/1137203/

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If you want to refer to this Paper in your research work, you can simply use the following phrase in the resources section:
Salehipour, Amineh and Eslami, Akbar and Mirzaee, Mohammad and Bolori, Fatemeh and Saghi, Mohammad Hossien and Bahmani, Zohreh and Hashemi, Marjan,1399,Spatial distributions of natural radionuclide concentrations of bottled mineral water: doses estimation and health risk assessment,https://civilica.com/doc/1137203

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Paper count: 5,404
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