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Title

Phenotypic Evaluation of Strains of Candida albicans and Non-albicans Candida Species in Patients with Vulvovaginal Candidiasis Visiting Amir-al-Momenin Hospital in Zabol, Iran in 2019

فصلنامه زنان و مامایی و سرطانهای زنان، دوره: 5، شماره: 1
Year: 1398
COI: JR_JOGCR-5-1_003
Language: EnglishView: 106
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Authors

Bahman Fouladi - Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran
Khadijeh Rezaei Keikhaie - Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran
Marjan Ghaemi - Maternal, Fetal and Neonatal Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Mahboobeh Shirazi - Maternal, Fetal and Neonatal Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Maryam Ahmadian - Maternal, Fetal and Neonatal Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Nesa Rajabpoor Nikoo - Yas Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Salia Amini Poya - Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran
Solaiman Saravani - Department of Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran
Jebraeil Farzi - Shohada Hospital, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran

Abstract:

Background & Objective: Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is a common vaginal yeast infection in women. The present study aimed to determine the phenotype of Candida albicans and non-albicans Candida species in VVC cases. Materials & Methods: This was a cross-sectional study on 65 patients suspected of VVC through a visit by a gynecologist. They were cultured on CHROMagar and Sabouraud dextrose agar (SDA). If morphology of the colonies could be detected through microscopic inspection, physiological tests were used to identify individual yeast species. Results: Out 65 colonies, 53.8% had negative cultures. The frequency of positive cultures for Candida were also calculated (C. albicans = 38.5%, C. glabrata = 6.15%, and C. krusei = 1.53%). Most of culture-negative cases had no history of antibiotic therapy (94.3%) while most of culture-positive cases had a history of fluconazole therapy (56% in C. albicans isolates and 40% in non-C. albicans isolates). Relapse rate was calculated as 29.2%. Of studied patients, 80% had no underlying disease, 15.4% had a history of diabetes, and 4.6% had a history of corticosteroid therapy. Less than half negative-culture cases had an undergraduate degree (45.7%). Conclusion: The incidence of VVC depends on various factors including occupation, underlying disease and history of antibiotic therapy. The most common cause of VVC is C. glabrata, secondary to C. albicans. Relapse infection rates can be reduced by increasing knowledge on clinical data, underlying diseases, mechanism of the organism, cause of infection, and effective treatment.

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This Paper COI Code is JR_JOGCR-5-1_003. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/1138648/

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Fouladi, Bahman and Rezaei Keikhaie, Khadijeh and Ghaemi, Marjan and Shirazi, Mahboobeh and Ahmadian, Maryam and Rajabpoor Nikoo, Nesa and Amini Poya, Salia and Saravani, Solaiman and Farzi, Jebraeil,1398,Phenotypic Evaluation of Strains of Candida albicans and Non-albicans Candida Species in Patients with Vulvovaginal Candidiasis Visiting Amir-al-Momenin Hospital in Zabol, Iran in 2019,https://civilica.com/doc/1138648

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Type of center: علوم پزشکی
Paper count: 379
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