Background: Informal payment in many developing countries is a serious obstacle towards to improving healthcare system and has negative effects on the function of healthcare system. In order to reduce the informal payments and direct payments from patientchr('39')s pocket, the Health Transformation Plan (HTP) executed. This study was conducted to assess the informal payments in the hospital related to government.
Methods: This study was a survey based on descriptive analytic method in Zahedan, the capital of Sistan-Baluchistan Province, in 2017. The study population included all patients discharged from all wards of the two general hospitals affiliated with Zahedan University of Medical Science (ZaUMS) in a one-month period (from September 23 to October 22), in which 500 patients were selected by multistage cluster sampling.
Data collection tool was a standard questionnaire that was conducted by interview method. The data were analyzed using by SPSS v22 and descriptive statistics.
Results: In this study 98% of patients were male, 484 (96.8%) lived in the urban area, and about 2% had informal payment. The average amount of informal payments was 51.48 $. The highest number of informal payment was in the maternity ward (n:5, 50%). The doctors didnchr('39')t have any informal payment, and all of the participants disagreed this type of payments.
Conclusion: The rate of informal payments in the hospitals affiliated with ZaUMS in Southeast of Iran after execution of HTP is minimal. Poor economic status of the patients and well executed HTP are the possible explanations for minimal informal payments. Solutions including constant supervision on employees and realization of the medical services tariffs and strengthening insurance companies are effective steps towards elimination of informal payments.