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Title

Significant Association and Increased Risk of Primary Open Angle Glaucoma with TGFB2 Rs991967 Gene Polymorphism in North Eastern Iranian Patients

Year: 1397
COI: JR_RBMB-7-2_013
Language: EnglishView: 162
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Authors

Akbar Derakhshan - Eye research center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Javad Sadeghi Allah Abadi - Eye research center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Jalil Tavakkol-Afshari - Immunogenetic and cell culture department, immunology research center, school of medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. & Department of allergy and immunology, school of medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad,
Amin Reza Nikpoor - mmunogenetic and cell culture department, immunology research center, school of medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. & Department of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
Ramin Daneshvar - Eye research center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Saeed Shokoohi Rad - Eye research center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Mohammad-Reza Ansari-Astaneh - Eye research center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Sadegh Ghafarian - Eye research center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Abstract:

Background: Glaucoma is one of the main causes of irreversible blindness. The most common type of glaucoma is primary open angle glaucoma (POAG). TGF-β2, the main TGF-β isoform in the eye, is critical for extracellular matrix production and angiogenesis. Genetic studies have shown that TGF-β2 gene (TGFB2) polymorphisms affect its expression in the eye. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of the TGFB2 rs991967 polymorphism in POAG, and the effect of this polymorphism on clinical characteristics in POAG patients. Methods: This case-control study was conducted on 112 control participants and 112 POAG patients referred to Khatam-Al-Anbia Eye Hospital, Mashhad, Iran. The TGFB2 rs991967 polymorphism was genotyped by the PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method. The genotyping results and clinical findings were analyzed using SPSS version 16. Results: The most common genotype was AA, observed in 54.5% of the patients (P < 0.0001, OR 12.2, CI 95% for OR: 5.25 to 28.31). Moreover, the highest and lowest frequencies of the mutant A allele were seen in the patient and control groups with percentages of 73 and 40%, respectively. This difference was significant (P < 0.0001, OR: 3.9, CI 95% for OR: 2.6 to 5.9). No significant association was seen between the frequencies of the TGFB2 rs991967 polymorphism genotypes and clinical characteristics in POAG patients. Conclusions: The TGFB2 rs991967 polymorphism has a direct and significant association with POAG and significantly increases the risk of developing POAG.

Keywords:

PCR , Polymorphism , Primary Open Angle Glaucoma , TGF-beta2.

Paper COI Code

This Paper COI Code is JR_RBMB-7-2_013. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/1141965/

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Derakhshan, Akbar and Sadeghi Allah Abadi, Javad and Tavakkol-Afshari, Jalil and Nikpoor, Amin Reza and Daneshvar, Ramin and Shokoohi Rad, Saeed and Ansari-Astaneh, Mohammad-Reza and Ghafarian, Sadegh,1397,Significant Association and Increased Risk of Primary Open Angle Glaucoma with TGFB2 Rs991967 Gene Polymorphism in North Eastern Iranian Patients,https://civilica.com/doc/1141965

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Type of center: علوم پزشکی
Paper count: 8,361
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