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Title

Comparative Study of the Effectiveness of Matrix Training and tDCS Treatments on Positive and Negative Affects and Craving in Substance Abusers

Year: 1399
COI: JR_AJNPP-7-3_007
Language: EnglishView: 86
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Authors

Salem Mosavi - Department of Psychology, Khorramshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khorramshahr, Iran
Parvin Ehtesham Zadeh - Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran
Zahra Eftekhar Saadi - Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran
Alireza Heydarei - Department of Psychology, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran

Abstract:

Background: Substance dependence is acknowledged as one of the major social and health issues inflicting severe and profound physical and psychological harm, as well as numerous social damages, such as divorce and unemployment. The present study aimed to make a comparison between the effectiveness of Matrix training and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) treatments on positive and negative affects and craving in substance abusers who referred to Ahwaz addiction treatment centers within 2018-2019. Materials and Methods: The present semi-experimental study was conducted using a pre-test post-test control group design with a two-month follow-up. The study population consisted of all substance abusers who referred to Ahwaz addiction treatment centers within 2018-2019. A total of 60 volunteers were selected by voluntary sampling method and randomly assigned to Matrix training (n=20), tDCS (n=20), and control (n=20) groups. Data were collected by The Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) and Desire For Drug Questionnaire and were analyzed in SPSS software (version 22). Results: Based on the obtained results, Matrix, tDCS, and control groups were significantly different in terms of positive and negative affects and craving (P<0.001). Moreover, it was found that Matrix training and tDCS were effective on positive and negative affects and cravings (P<0.001); nonetheless, no significant difference was observed between the matrix and tDCS groups (P>0.05). Conclusion: Generally speaking,  it can be concluded that Matrix training and tDCS methods are equally effective in emotions and craving.

Keywords:

Craving , Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation , Drug users , Affect

Paper COI Code

This Paper COI Code is JR_AJNPP-7-3_007. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/1154233/

How to Cite to This Paper:

If you want to refer to this Paper in your research work, you can simply use the following phrase in the resources section:
Mosavi, Salem and Ehtesham Zadeh, Parvin and Eftekhar Saadi, Zahra and Heydarei, Alireza,1399,Comparative Study of the Effectiveness of Matrix Training and tDCS Treatments on Positive and Negative Affects and Craving in Substance Abusers,https://civilica.com/doc/1154233

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COI stands for "CIVILICA Object Identifier". COI is the unique code assigned to articles of Iranian conferences and journals when indexing on the CIVILICA citation database.

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