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Title

Role of Music Therapy in Reducing the Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety

Year: 1399
COI: JR_AJNPP-8-1_002
Language: EnglishView: 64
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Authors

Maryam Zadbagher Seighalani - Ph.D. Candidate in General Psychology, Department of Psychology, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran
Behrooz Birashk - Department of Psychology, School of Behavioural Sciences and Mental Health, Tehran Institute of Psychiatry, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Kianoosh Hashemian - Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Social Sciences, Roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roudehen, Iran
Malek Mirhashemi - group of psycology, faculty of Psychology and social science, roudehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, roudehen, Iran.

Abstract:

Background: A variety of psychological factors can manipulate the severity of premenstrual syndrome. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the role of music therapy in reducing anxiety and depression in premenstrual syndrome. Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted based on a pretest-posttest method with a control group. The statistical population of this study included 30 women with the premenstrual syndrome who were referred to Rah-e-Bartar Clinic, Tehran, Iran, in the first six months of 2019. They were then selected voluntarily and assigned randomly in two groups of experimental and control (15 cases per group). Subsequently, the participants were requested to complete Beckchr('39')s Anxiety Test and Beckchr('39')s Depression Test before and after the intervention. A researcher-made music-therapy program was used as the therapeutic intervention. The experimental group was then asked to participate in 12 sessions of music therapy each lasted for 45 min (two sessions per week). At the end of the intervention, the experimental group re-completed the tests at the posttest phase, and the data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance. Results: According to the results, after comparing the experimental and control groups at the posttest, the anxiety (Sig=0.06; F=0.12) and depression (Sig=0.09, F=0.10) scores were obtained greater than 0.05.   Conclusion: It can be concluded that music therapy was effective in reducing the psychological symptoms of premenstrual syndrome, two of the most important of which are anxiety and depression.

Keywords:

Anxiety, Depression, Music therapy, Premenstrual Syndrome.

Paper COI Code

This Paper COI Code is JR_AJNPP-8-1_002. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/1165838/

How to Cite to This Paper:

If you want to refer to this Paper in your research work, you can simply use the following phrase in the resources section:
Zadbagher Seighalani, Maryam and Birashk, Behrooz and Hashemian, Kianoosh and Mirhashemi, Malek,1399,Role of Music Therapy in Reducing the Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety,https://civilica.com/doc/1165838

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Scientometrics

The specifications of the publisher center of this Paper are as follows:
Type of center: Azad University
Paper count: 3,369
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