Frequency and Common Findings in Patients with Positive Skin Test for Domestic Allergens in Zanjan

Publish Year: 1397
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_ZUMS-26-115_011

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 11 اردیبهشت 1400

Abstract:

Background and Objective: The allergens in the closed environments and at home because of the constant contact can cause severe and permanent allergies. In this study, the frequency and the clinical findings were evaluated in patients who were allergic to domestic allergens. Materials and Methods: In this study, all the patients with a positive skin test to at least one allergy were extracted, and during the face-to-face examination or phone call, the clinical findings and common problems with respiratory, skin or other disorders were evaluated. Then, the relationship between the above findings and the skin test was analyzed by the SPSS software. Results: From ۵۰۲ patients with a positive skin test, ۴۰۶ individuals were included in the study. ۱۹۵ people (۴۸%) inside the house had a positive skin test to domestic allergens. In these patients ۹۷ (۲۳.۹%) were allergic to mite, ۸۲ (۲۰.۲%) to molds, ۷۸ (۱۹.۲%) to beetles, ۵۱ (۱۲.۶%) to domestic birds’ feather and ۳۱ (۷.۶%) were allergic to cat allergens. In comparison, the dyspnea was significantly higher in the mold-sensitive patients (P = ۰.۰۱). The eyes involvement was significantly less in patients sensitive to mite and mold (P = ۰.۰۱ and P =۰.۰۲ respectively). Conclusion: In this study, the skin test response to indoor allergens was relatively high. Therefore, attention to these allergens and training to avoid the occurrence of these factors and controlling them at home is recommended.

Authors

عاکفه احمدی افشار

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran

سارا احمدی

Ayatollah Mousavi Hospital, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran

سعیده مظلوم زاده

Metabolic Diseases Research Center, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran

زهره ترابی

Dept.of Pediatrics, Ayatollah Mousavi Hospital, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran

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