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Title

The Effects of Sildenafil on Fetal Doppler Indices: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Year: 1399
COI: JR_ZUMS-28-131_003
Language: EnglishView: 133
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Authors

Maryam Damghanian - Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Farnaz Farnam - Dept. of Reproductive Health, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Roghieh Kharaghani - Dept. of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery. Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran

Abstract:

 Background & Objective:  Sildenafil citrate is a potential new strategy for the management of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and preeclampsia, although its efficacy still needs to be approved. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to systematically assess the effectiveness of sildenafil on improving fetal Doppler indices, as well as the most common adverse effects of sildenafil.  Materials & Methods:  Online databases, i.e., PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Embase, and Cochrane Reviews, were searched from their date of creation up to ۲۶ Jan ۲۰۱۹. We conducted two meta-analyses, one for fetal Doppler indices and the other for adverse events of sildenafil. Eligible studies were randomized controlled trials (RCTs), in which the effects of sildenafil on fetal Doppler indices have been evaluated. The quality of studies was appraised through the five components of the Cochrane checklist (for quality appraisal of RCT studies) by two of the authors.  Results:  Out of ۱,۰۸۷ reviewed sources, seven studies were included for meta-analysis. The following results were observed for the effect of sildenafil on the umbilical artery (UA): A significant effect on the umbilical artery pulsatility index (UA PI) (P=۰.۰۳) was observed in dosages more than ۶۰ mg/d (P=۰.۰۰۸). Sildenafil was effective in UA PI of the individuals suffering from eclampsia (P=۰.۰۰۸); however, no significant effect was observed on IUGR disorder. Furthermore, sildenafil had no effect on the umbilical artery systolic/diastolic (UA S/D) ratio. Sildenafil was not effective on the middle cerebral artery pulsatility index (MCA PI) or on the middle cerebral artery systolic/diastolic (MCA S/D) ratio. Regarding adverse events, headaches occurred significantly more in mothers consuming sildenafil (P=۰.۰۳).   Conclusion:  Obviously, we need more accurate RCTs in this issue before any decision can be made.

Keywords:

Paper COI Code

This Paper COI Code is JR_ZUMS-28-131_003. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/1191924/

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Damghanian, Maryam and Farnam, Farnaz and Kharaghani, Roghieh,1399,The Effects of Sildenafil on Fetal Doppler Indices: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis,https://civilica.com/doc/1191924

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Type of center: علوم پزشکی
Paper count: 9,732
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