Supportive Approaches to Stress Management in Patients With Breast Cancer: A Systematic Review

Publish Year: 1398
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_ARCHB-6-1_002

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 24 خرداد 1400

Abstract:

Background: Stress is a reaction to physical, psychological, and emotionalevents. Compared with other chronic diseases, breast cancer (BC) is a dire stressfulsituation greatly disheartening the patients. Therefore, patients with BC need longlastingphysical and emotional support to cope with stress. The purpose of thisstudy was to systematically review the studies using supportive stress managementinterventions in patients with BC. Methods: A literature search was performed in scientific databases includingGoogle Scholar, Scientific Information Database, Magiran, Irandoc, Web ofScience, Science Direct, PubMed [including Medline], and Elsevier. Thekeywords were retrieved from Medical Subject Headings (Mesh). The articlespublished from ۱۹۹۷ to ۲۰۱۷ were included. Database search returned ۴۴۰ records.Title and abstract screening identified ۱۵۲ potentially eligible articles. Finally, ۱۸articles were included in the synthesis of the review. Results: All the included studies had an interventional design focusing on stressmanagement approaches and their related covariates in women with BC. Thefindings were assessed regarding two distinct approaches. First, the studiesassessing stress management interventions were scrutinized. Next, the impact ofintervention duration, the number of the participants, and the contents of sessionswere explored. Of the selected articles, ۶ had used a mindfulness-based approach,۲ had utilized relaxation techniques, and ۷ had employed stress-related cognitivebehavioraltherapy. In addition, one study was related to resilience training and ۲studies investigated problem-based approaches.Conclusion: Stress management interventions can be helpful in reducing stressin BC patients. Therefore, it is advisable to incorporate stress managementstrategies along with routine pharmaceutical therapies in these patients.

Authors

Maedeh Rezaei

Department of Midwifery, Gorgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, Iran

Forouzan Elyasinia

Department of Psychiatry, Cancer Research Center, Psychiatry and Behavioral Research Center, Addiction Institute, School ofMedicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

Zeinab Hamzehgardeshi

Department of Reproductive Health and Midwifery, Sexual and Reproductive Health Research Center, Mazandaran Universityof Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

Ghasem Janbabai

Department of Hematology-Oncology, Gastrointestinal Cancer Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences,Sari, Iran

Mahmood Moosazadeh

Health Sciences Research Center, Addiction Institute, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran