EAP Learners’ Perception of Language Needs and its Matches/Mismatches with Textbook Materials

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نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_IJALS-12-2_006

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 30 خرداد 1400

Abstract:

Academic literacy is a transformative approach to EAP studies that highlight the backgrounds and needs of the EAP learners in order to empower them by participating in the social practices of the international research community. From this perspective, EAP textbook development research aims to find how textbooks could empower EAP learners though considering their real needs. Accordingly, this study aims to find how EAP textbooks match/mismatch with the EAP learners’ needs. The sample of the study included ۴۰ participants who were selected through purposeful homogeneous sampling. All participants who had passed ‘English for the Students of Science (ESS)’ as the main textbook of the EAP course completed a structured interview questionnaire that its findings were gone under content analysis and a nonparametric test of rankings themes, i.e. Friedman test. Then textbook was evaluated in terms of the established frameworks. Finally, identified themes of the interviews were compared with the content of the textbook evaluation. Findings of the study showed that EAP learners prioritized reading, writing, listening, and speaking English language skills respectively as the main language needs in the EAP community of practice. The study also found that although the design of the EAP textbook matched learners’ needs at the macro-level of needs analysis, there was little enough evidence in the content of the book that could support and match these EAP learners’ needs. The findings might have many implications for EAP textbook developers, learners, and teachers. 

Keywords:

English for Academic purposes (EAP) , Needs Analysis , Textbook Evaluation

Authors

Rasool Najjar

IRI Amin Police University, Tehran, Iran

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