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Title

Exploration of Biomass for the Production of Bioethanol: “A Process Modelling and Simulation Study”

Year: 1400
COI: JR_RERA-2-1_004
Language: EnglishView: 65
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Authors

T. Oyegoke - Ahmadu Bello University, Department of Chemical Engineering, Zaria, Nigeria.
M.Y. Sardauna - Ahmadu Bello University, Department of Chemical Engineering, Zaria, Nigeria.
H.A. Abubakar - Ahmadu Bello University, Department of Chemical Engineering, Zaria, Nigeria.
E. Obadiah - Ahmadu Bello University, Department of Chemical Engineering, Zaria, Nigeria.

Abstract:

Bio-ethanol is a clean and renewable fuel that is significantly gaining attention, mainly via its major environmental benefits produced from diverse resources. The campaign for the establishment of biorefineries and encouragement of fossil fuels is gradually gaining greater attention. This research seeks to comparatively investigates material requirement, production yield, and total equipment cost involved in the rice-husk and maize-cob transformation into bioethanol fuel for large-scale production using process modeling and simulation study approach to promote potential investors' interest. This analysis was carried out using a simulator (Aspen HYSYS) and a computational package (MATLAB). The evaluation entails modeling, simulating, material, and energy analysis, including process equipment sizing and cost for the plants. Comparative material analysis of the yield from the model process for the use of biomasses reveals that ۹.۹۴kg and ۷.۳۲kg of fuel-grade bioethanol would be obtained using ۰.۰۳kg and ۰.۰۲kg of enzymes for every ۱kg of rice husk and maize cob charge in the plant, respectively, per hour. Analysis of the plants' energy flow shows that the maize cob transformation into bioethanol fuel required more energy than the rice husk-based plant confirming maize cob conversion to be more energy-intensive than rice husk. Moreover, the equipment cost analysis indicated that it would cost ۴۷۳۹.۸۷ and ۱۷۵۷.۳۶ to process a kilogram of biomass (rice husk and maize cob) into fuel-grade bioethanol, respectively, per hour. Ultimately, this study's findings identify rice husk's use to be of high yield while maize cob would be making the production less capital intensive.

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Paper COI Code

This Paper COI Code is JR_RERA-2-1_004. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/1241121/

How to Cite to This Paper:

If you want to refer to this Paper in your research work, you can simply use the following phrase in the resources section:
Oyegoke, T. and Sardauna, M.Y. and Abubakar, H.A. and Obadiah, E.,1400,Exploration of Biomass for the Production of Bioethanol: “A Process Modelling and Simulation Study”,https://civilica.com/doc/1241121

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