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Title

A Comprehensive Review on Risk Factors Affecting the Crash Severity

Year: 1398
COI: JR_IJHSE-6-4_007
Language: EnglishView: 37
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Authors

Milad Safari - Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Seyed Shamseddin Alizadeh - Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Homayoun Sadeghi Bazargani - Road Traffic Injury Research Centre, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Atefeh Aliashrafi - Department of Water Resources Engineering, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
Azam Maleki - Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
Parisa Moshashaei - Research Committee, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract:

As a matter of growing machinery life, traffic crashes are considered an inevitable source of injuries and costs around the world. Regarding to increasing traffic accident outcomes, controlling the current status is necessary. In this way, identifying risk factors affecting the crash severity is an essential step toward initiating a convincing solution. The core objective of this study was to categorize the risk factors affecting the severity of crashes. Data needed for this study were gathered through searching Web of Science, Google Scholar, and Science Direct databases using the keywords included fatal and crash, injuries and crash, fatal and traffic accident, and injuries and traffic accident. Based on ۸۳ selected studies for review, factors affecting the crash severity divided into five factors and forty-seven sub-factors. The most prevalent sub-factors were age, sex, safety belts, alcohol and drug use, speed, weather conditions, lighting conditions, time of the day and week, vehicle kind, road condition, collision type and crash location. Many risk factors affect crash severity and determination of the most important ones can be a prelude in reducing the effects. Therefore, the conclusion of this review can assist to traffic safety experts, police and contribute to distinguishing and monitoring the risk factors affecting crash severity transportation agencies.

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Paper COI Code

This Paper COI Code is JR_IJHSE-6-4_007. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/1242045/

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If you want to refer to this Paper in your research work, you can simply use the following phrase in the resources section:
Safari, Milad and Alizadeh, Seyed Shamseddin and Sadeghi Bazargani, Homayoun and Aliashrafi, Atefeh and Maleki, Azam and Moshashaei, Parisa,1398,A Comprehensive Review on Risk Factors Affecting the Crash Severity,https://civilica.com/doc/1242045

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Type of center: علوم پزشکی
Paper count: 2,968
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