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Title

The Effect of Nutrition Education and Physical Activity on Weight Changes and Anthropometric Indices among Postpartum Women with High BMI

مجله مراقبت مبتنی بر شواهد، دوره: 11، شماره: 1
Year: 1400
COI: JR_EBCJ-11-1_002
Language: EnglishView: 92
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Authors

Hoda Naderi - MSc student in Midwifery, Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Maryam Moradi - Assistant Professor in Reproductive Health, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Majid Ghayour mobarhan - Professor of Nutritional Sciences, Department of Nutrition, Metabolic Syndrome Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Mohammad Ali Sardar - Associate Professor of Physical Education, Department General Courses, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Arefeh Shahi - Instructor of Midwifery, Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing, Midwifery and Premedical, Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
Habibollah Esmaily - Professor of Biostatistics, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Abstract:

Background: Postpartum weight retention is known as a public health challenge that causes obesity in women in the long term. Aim: The present study aimed to determine the effect of nutrition education and physical activity interventions on weight changes and anthropometric indices among postpartum women. Method: This quasi-experimental randomized controlled trial (RCT) was conducted as a two-group pre/posttest research design in Bandar Abbas, Hormozgan, Iran, in ۲۰۲۰. A total of ۶۴ women were randomly selected in their postpartum period. Multi-stage sampling was conveniently performed. The training sessions were held for the intervention groups of ۵-۷ participants in four sessions of ۴۵-۶۰ minutes and once a week by using a pedometer. The control group received routine postpartum care. Maternal weight and anthropometric indices were measured by the end of weeks four and eight. Results: The study findings showed no significant difference in the mean weight of the two groups before the intervention (p=۰.۴۷). However, comparing the results of the fourth and eighth weeks after the intervention with the pre-intervention stage revealed that the mean weight in the intervention group had respectively reduced by -۳.۲۸±۵.۵۷ and -۳.۷۵±۰.۶۵ which was statistically significant (p˂۰.۰۰۱). The mean waist and hip circumferences also decreased significantly before and after the intervention in both study groups, but such a reduction in the intervention group was significantly higher than that in the controls .(p˂۰.۰۵).   Implications for Practice: Using a pedometer in nutrition and physical education is simple, low-cost, and uncomplicated. Promoting nutritional behaviors and physical activity in postpartum women is recommended by extensively implementing this intervention program which moderates their weight and improves their anthropometric indices.

Keywords:

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This Paper COI Code is JR_EBCJ-11-1_002. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/1254072/

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Naderi, Hoda and Moradi, Maryam and Ghayour mobarhan, Majid and Sardar, Mohammad Ali and Shahi, Arefeh and Esmaily, Habibollah,1400,The Effect of Nutrition Education and Physical Activity on Weight Changes and Anthropometric Indices among Postpartum Women with High BMI,https://civilica.com/doc/1254072

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Type of center: علوم پزشکی
Paper count: 8,097
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