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Paper
Title

Geomorphic effects of gravel mining on coastal plain rivers in Mazandaran, Iran

مجله بررسی زمین پایدار، دوره: 1، شماره: 2
Year: 1399
COI: JR_SUER-1-2_002
Language: EnglishView: 27
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Authors

Mohammad Mehdi Hoseinzadeh - Department of Physical Geography, Faculty of Earth Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University,Tehran, Iran
Reza Esmaili - Department of Geography, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran

Abstract:

Rivers in Iran are heavily influenced by human activities, so that they have undergone many changes. In the meantime, gravel mining is one of these activities that has several environmental impacts on the various aspects of river environments. The study area is located in the plain of Mazandaran Province in Iran. The concerned rivers originate from the northern slopes of the Alborz Mount and flow into the Caspian Sea. Most of the mountainous areas are covered with thicket forests, and in the plain section, agricultural lands and human habitats are the dominant land uses in the region. The geomorphic effects of sediment mining from river have been investigated in four aspects including river longitudinal profile and transverse profile, as well as river pattern and changes in sediment size and amount. In Mazandaran Province, there are more than ۶۰ rivers in which there are more than ۸۰ active gravel mines. These mines are run by governmental, cooperative and private sectors. Currently, the dependence of the construction and development activities of the province on these gravel resources has seriously threatened the river bed with excessive exploitation, so that these exploitations would be of the most destructive activities imposed on the aquatic ecosystems. The results also show that the unauthorized sediments removal from the river bed and the construction of engineering structures to control its geomorphic consequences only delay the performance of river processes and, consequently, delay the morphological adjustments.

Keywords:

River bed Gravel mining Degradation Coastal Plain Mazandaran

Paper COI Code

This Paper COI Code is JR_SUER-1-2_002. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/1267168/

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Hoseinzadeh, Mohammad Mehdi and Esmaili, Reza,1399,Geomorphic effects of gravel mining on coastal plain rivers in Mazandaran, Iran,https://civilica.com/doc/1267168

مراجع و منابع این Paper:

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Type of center: دانشگاه دولتی
Paper count: 25,457
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