Zataria Multiflora Essential Oil Loaded with Starch Nanoparticles to Protect Strawberries against Botrytis Cinerea

Publish Year: 1400
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_JEHSD-6-3_006

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 7 مهر 1400

Abstract:

Introduction: The post-harvest damage to fruits is estimated to be about ۱۰-۳۰% of the total products, which reaches up to ۳۰-۵۰% in some perishable fruits. About ۲۵ species of fungi and bacteria including Botrytis spp. and in particular Botrytis cinerea are known to contaminate fruits, vegetables and ornamental greenhouse plants. The aim of this study was to investigate the antifungal activity of different concentrations of Zataria multiflora essential oil (ZEO) against B. cinerea. Materials and Methods: The ZEO was extracted through steam distillation and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The strawberries packages were exposed to ZEO with different concentrations (۰, ۲۰۰, ۴۰۰, ۶۰۰, and ۸۰۰ ppm) and satarch nanoparticles. The exposed fruits were kept for ۲۴ days at two temperatures of ۲۰°C and ۴°C. Results: The ZEO decreased mycelium growth even when only ۲۰۰ ppm of it was added to each container. The response was dose-dependent, so that the ۸۰۰ ppm dose of ZEO showed complete inhibitory effect. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) values for ZEO against B. cinerea were ۲۰۰ µg/mL and ۵۰۰ µg/mL, respectively. Additionally, ZEO preserved the sensory characteristics. Conclusion: The ZEO may be effectively used in packaging of strawberry to increase its shelf life by inhibition of B. cinerea.

Authors

Maryam Mobininejad

Zoonotic Diseases Research Center, Department of Food Hygiene and Safety, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

Elham Khalili Sadrabad

Zoonotic Diseases Research Center, Department of Food Hygiene and Safety, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

Seyed Hossein Hekmatimoghaddam

Department of Advanced Medical Sciences and Technologies, School of Paramedicine, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

Ali Jebali

Medical Biotechnology Research Center, Ashkezar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ashkezar , Yazd, Iran.

Aziz A. Fallah

Department of Food Hygiene and Quality Control, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran.

Fateme Akrami Mohajeri

Zoonotic Diseases Research Center, Department of Food Hygiene and Safety, School of Public Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

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