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Investigation of Metacognitive Knowledge in Psychology and Its Effects on Memory

مجله بین المللی مطالعات پیشرفته در علوم انسانی و اجتماعی، دوره: 11، شماره: 1
Year: 1401
COI: JR_UPAEI-11-1_007
Language: EnglishView: 87
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Farahan Sultanai - Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Toronto, Canada


Metacognitive knowledge refers to the beliefs and moral theories that individuals have about their thinking, such as beliefs about the meaning of a particular type of thought and beliefs about the effectiveness of memory and cognitive control. It is useful to consider both explicit and implicit metacognitive knowledge, especially in the context of emotional disorder. Explicit metacognitive knowledge is conscious knowledge. For example, people with generalized anxiety disorder believe that worrying is uncontrollable and dangerous, and some believe that worrying can have benefits. Patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder believe that they have certain thoughts that lead to negative events or unwanted actions, and people with depression have positive beliefs about rumination. Implicit metacognitive knowledge is usually not conscious and cannot be expressed verbally. This knowledge includes the rules or designs that guide the process, such as paying attention, searching in memory, and using exploratory measures and bias in judgment. Considering this knowledge as a method or design for information processing is useful, and such metacognitive designs may be important at least as news knowledge in emotional disorder.


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