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Title

Evaluating Susceptibility of Environmental Isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to Chlorhexidine Gluconate and Aqueous Extract of Peganum harmala

Evaluating Susceptibility of Environmental Isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to Chlorhexidine Gluconate and Aqueous Extract of Peganum harmala
Year: 1400
COI: JR_JOBJ-9-3_006
Language: EnglishView: 63
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Authors

Elham Hashempour - Department of Biology, Gorgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, Iran
Leila Fozouni - Department of Biology, Gorgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, Iran
Ania Ahani Azari - Department of Biology, Gorgan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan, Iran

Abstract:

BBackground and Objective: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an important case of nosocomial infections and a major health problem. The increased emergence of resistance to antibiotics and disinfectants among these bacteria, necessitates the production of new antimicrobials with wider activity and low toxicity. This study was carried out to evaluate inhibitory effects of chlorhexidine gluconate and extract of Peganum harmala on multi-drug resistant (MDR) P. aeruginosa. Material and Methods: ۳۹ P. aeruginosa strains were isolated from ۱۱۴ environmental samples. After identifying MDR strains, minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of chlorhexidine gluconate (۲۰%) and P. harmala extract against the isolates was determined by broth microdilution method.  Results: Overall, ۲۷ (۶۹.۲%) P. aeruginosa isolates resistant to quinolones, aminoglycoside, cephems and carbapenems were reported as MDR strains. The MIC of chlorhexidine gluconate was ≥ ۱۰۰۰μg/ml, which was ۴-fold higher than the MIC of P. harmala extract (MIC=۵۰۰μg/ml). MIC of chlorhexidine gluconate and P. harmala extract against P. aeruginosa isolates differed significantly (P=۰.۰۱). Conclusion: Compared to chlorhexidine gluconate, P. harmala extract has a higher antibacterial effect on MDR P. aeruginosa isolates from environment. Further research is required to verify the efficacy of this plant extract for disinfection of equipment in clinics and local kitchens.

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This Paper COI Code is JR_JOBJ-9-3_006. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/1296021/

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Hashempour, Elham and Fozouni, Leila and Ahani Azari, Ania,1400,Evaluating Susceptibility of Environmental Isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to Chlorhexidine Gluconate and Aqueous Extract of Peganum harmala,https://civilica.com/doc/1296021

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