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Arya Haddadi - Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Medical Science, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, IranMohammad Esmail Ebrahimi - Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, IranNarges Zamani - Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, IranNikinaz Zarabian - Sanandaj, Iran Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Medical Science, Sanandaj Branch, Islamic Azad University,
Background and Objective: This study aimed to analyze the effects of the Yalom group therapy on the resilience and meaning in life of the nurses fighting COVID-۱۹.
Materials and Methods: This quasi-intervention pre-test post-test research was conducted with a control group. Statistical population of this study included all the nurses of the hospitals of Hamedan who cared for the COVID-۱۹ patients in ۲۰۲۰. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, ۳۲ nurses were randomly selected and divided equally into the intervention and control groups. The intervention group was treated by the Yalom group therapy for ۱۰ sessions. Evaluation tools were the Connor-Davidson (۲۰۰۳) Resilience Questionnaire and The Meaning in Life Questionnaire of Steger et al. which were completed by both groups at pre-test and post-test stages. The data were analyzed using the multivariate analysis of covariance and univariate analysis of variance in SPSS software (version ۲۴).
Results: The significance level of the difference between the mean scores of "meaning in life" was less than ۰.۰۵ (P<۰.۰۵). Hence, the difference between the means was significant and it can be said that the Yalom group therapy affects the meaning in life. According to the eta-squared value, the extend of this impact was about ۶۴%. Moreover, the difference between the mean of the resilience scores of the intervention and control group was ۵۸.۹۴ and the significance level of this value was less than ۰.۰۵ (F [۱ and ۲۷] =۵۸.۹۳۷, P=۰.۰۰۱). Therefore, the difference between the means of the resilience scores of the intervention and control groups was significant with ۹۵% confidence. It can be said that the Yalom group therapy had a significant impact on the resilience of the nurses.
Conclusion: The results can be used to maintain and care for the mental health of nurses during severe disease epidemics, such as the Coronavirus epidemic.
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Haddadi, Arya and Ebrahimi, Mohammad Esmail and Zamani, Narges and Zarabian, Nikinaz,1400,Effects of Yalom Group therapy on the Resilience and Meaning in Life of the Nurses in Covid-۱۹ Centers,https://civilica.com/doc/1296171
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