Effect of PRECEDE Model-based Education on the Breastfeeding Behavior of Nulliparous Mothers

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1400

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مقاله ژورنالی

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English

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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_EBCJ-11-2_004

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 1 آذر 1400

Abstract:

Background: Breastfeeding is one of the most important aspects of the mental-cognitive development of the child. The most useful application of the PRECEDE model is to explain factors associated with behaviors.Aim: This study aimed to investigate the effect of PRECEDE model-based education on the breastfeeding behavior of nulliparous mothers.Method: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on ۹۰ mothers referring to the health centers in Gonabad, Iran, in ۲۰۱۷-۱۸. The participants were divided into intervention and control groups using a table of random numbers. The data were collected through a questionnaire based on the PRECEDE model including predisposing factors, reinforcing factors, enabling factors, self-efficacy, as well as behavioral and social evaluation. Breastfeeding behavior was also assessed using the standard infant breastfeeding assessment tool (IBAFT). Data were analyzed in SPSS ۲۱ through independent t-test and Mann-Whitney test.Results: No significant difference was observed between the intervention and control groups in terms of knowledge, attitude, reinforcing factors, and enabling factors (P<۰.۰۵) before the intervention. However, a significant difference was found between the two groups regarding knowledge, attitude, reinforcing factors, enabling factors, and breastfeeding behavior (P<۰.۰۰۱) after the intervention. The mean±SD of breastfeeding behavior showed a significant difference between the two groups (P<۰.۰۰۱).Implications for Practice: Due to the effectiveness of the PRECEDE model-based training in the breastfeeding behavior of nulliparous women, this educational content can be used to promote breastfeeding behavior in health centers and hospitals.

Authors

Hamideh SadatMoghaddam Ghadiri Jalali
Hamideh Sadat Moghaddam Ghadiri Jalali

MSc. in Special Babies, Nursing Student, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

TaherehSadeghi
Tahereh Sadeghi

Assistant Professor of Nursing, Department of Pediatrics, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

HamidrezaZendehtalab
Hamidreza Zendehtalab

Instructor, Faculty Member, Department of Health, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

MahdiMoshki
Mahdi Moshki

RN, MSN, PhD, Professor in Health Education and Promotion, Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, School of Health Sciences; Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran

NajmehValizadeh Zare
Najmeh Valizadeh Zare

Assistant Professor of Nursing, Department of Operation Room, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

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