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Title

Utilization of apple seeds as a valuable waste with high industrial worthiness and human health benefits

Year: 1400
COI: ICFBCNF05_012
Language: EnglishView: 60
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Authors

Boukaga Farmani - Department of Food Science and Technology, Ahar Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tabriz, Iran
Somayeh Mohammadkhani - Undergraduate student of Food Science and Technology, Ahar Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tabriz, Iran.

Abstract:

A significant fraction of waste from fruit processing industry is mainly including seeds, peels and pomace. Apple is one of the most important fruits cultivated throughout the world. During processing of apples generate huge quantity of pomace (up to ۲۰-۳۵% of fresh fruit weight) and consists primarily a mixture of peel/ pulp tissue (۹۴.۵%), with a significant amount of seeds (۴.۱%) and stems (۱.۱%). Apple seeds are sources of potential bioactive compounds that can be used as substrates for the extraction of phenolic and antioxidant compounds and minerals. Originally polyphenols were based on their properties as scavengers of free radicals and reactive oxygen species. Their health effects may explain the chemo-preventive roles of these biomolecules in preventing cancer and other diseases in humans but further studies are needed. For instance polyphenols, quercetin, are efficient inhibitors of sulfotransferases and may change the activity of thyroid hormones, steroids and catecholamines. These effects embrace in vitro anti-mutagenic activity, modulation of carcinogen metabolism, antioxidant activity, anti-inflammatory mechanisms, modulation of signal transduction pathways, anti-proliferative and apoptosis-inducing activity. The apple seed oils are useable in the flavoring and soap manufacturing. Apple seeds also contain significant amount of lipids (۲۷۷ g oil/kg), in which unsaturated fatty acids were the predominant (۸۹ g/۱۰۰ g oil). Their rich composition in α-linoleic acid and their high content of α- and γ-tocopherols allows them to be beneficial for balancing diet fatty acid composition. The free radical scavenging activity of apple seed oil was superior to grape seed oil.

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Paper COI Code

This Paper COI Code is ICFBCNF05_012. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/1369051/

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Farmani, Boukaga and Mohammadkhani, Somayeh,1400,Utilization of apple seeds as a valuable waste with high industrial worthiness and human health benefits,Fifth International Conference on Interdisciplinary Studies in Iranian Food Industry and Nutrition Sciences,Tehran,https://civilica.com/doc/1369051

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Type of center: دانشگاه دولتی
Paper count: 23,880
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