Selecting Optimal Acid Gas Enrichment Configuration For Khangiran Natural Gas Refinery

Publish Year: 1393
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_GPJU-2-2_002

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 21 دی 1400

Abstract:

  Performance and capacity of sulfur recovery unit (SRU) are greatly affected by the H۲S:CO۲ ratio of the acid gas stream. The acid gases in Iran contain around ۳۵ mol% H۲S and ۶۰ mol% CO۲. This low concentration of H۲S calls for more complex sulfur plant, larger equipments, and higher costs. Acid gas enrichment processes (AGE) is run to upgrade low quality acid gas collected from gas treating units in to higher quality Claus plant feed stream. Using specially formulated solvents or modifications of the existing gas treating units are the most popular approaches for efficient acid gas enrichment.   Three different enrichment schemes are considered and simulated for Khangiran refinery acid gas stream. The results are then compared with each others to select the optimal AGE scheme, which can maximize the H۲S content of SRU feed stream while minimizes H۲S emission to atmosphere. In the first scheme, part of the acid gas leaving the GTU regenerator overhead is recycled back to the main contactor. In the other two, a separate enrichment tower is utilized between the amine flash drum and regenerator. In the second scheme, the enrichment tower pressure is set between regenerator pressure and ambient pressure, while in the third scheme, the enrichment tower pressure is fixed between amine flash drum pressure and regenerator pressure. The simulation results revealed that the SRU feed stream can be significantly enriched from its original value of ۳۳.۵ mol% H۲S to about ۷۰ mol%, by applying to the third scheme.

Authors

Ali Garmroodi Asil

Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

Akbar Shahsavand

Chemical Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran