The Urgency for Conservation of the Marine Environment in the Course of Scientific Research in Areas Beyond National Jurisdictions

Publish Year: 1400
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_IRLSMP-1-2_009

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 26 دی 1400

Abstract:

The oceans which cover ۷۰ percent of the Earth’s surface contain the most biologically diverse ecosystems on earth, we depend on the seas for our survival since they support for life on earth. They are also essential for our economic prosperity, social well-being and quality of life. Yet the marine environment is deteriorating fast. We need to find better ways of managing it. Over the last decade, significant advances in citizen science have occurred, allowing projects to extend areas beyond national jurisdiction. Perhaps however, our greatest challenges are those that exist in the Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (ABNJ), where management is reliant on international agreements and enforcement is likely to need remote monitoring methods using satellite technologies. In view of this development, the aim of this article is to provide some information on the marine scientific research and examines the applicability of the marine scientific research (MSR) regime of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). However, the MSR regime of UNCLOS far from an absolute freedom, it is conditional on responsibilities including, for example, providing the legal basis for setting up obligations such as conservation and sustainable use of environment. The article concludes by outlining some of the issues that should play important role in the process of researching.

Keywords:

Marine environment , scientific research , Areas Beyond National Jurisdictions , Law of the Sea

Authors

kosar Firouzpour

University of Tehran,Law faculty,International law

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