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Mahboobeh Adami Dehkordi - Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Mashhad Medical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran.Maryam Javanbakht - Department of Psychology, Mashhad Medical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran.Shima Sarfarazi - General Practitioner, Mashhad Medical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran.Mojtaba Meshkat - ۳Department of Biostatistics, Mashhad Medical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran.Samaneh Abolbashari - General Practitioner, Mashhad Medical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran.
Introduction: Tinnitus is a common complaint in patients referred to otorhinolaryngology clinics and is a condition where one hears a sound without any distinguishable external acoustic source or electrical stimulus. About ۳-۳۰% of adults experience different degrees of tinnitus during their life. This study aims to ascertain and compare personality traits between patients with tinnitus and a control group. Materials and Methods: In a case control study, ۶۶ participants were assessed. The case group consisted of ۳۳ patients who suffered from tinnitus for at least two months, in addition to ۳۳ healthy volunteers who were selected among their family (preferably of the same age and sex). A standard demographic questionnaire and an Eyzenck personality questionnaire were filled for both groups. A tinnitus severity index (TSI) questionnaire was only filled for the case group. Data from each group was compared by Mann-Whitney U and Chi-Square tests. SPSS V.۱۸ was the selected software. Results: Statistical analysis showed a meaningful difference in neuroticism (P=۰.۰۰۱) and extraversion (P=۰.۰۰۱) between the patients and the controls; however, there was no statistical difference between these groups regarding psychotism. Conclusion: Tinnitus can be associated with personality characteristics. This study showed that in patients with tinnitus, neuroticism increases and extraversion decreases. Considering the personality and psychotic traits observed in the patients with tinnitus, psychiatric consultation is recommended.
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Adami Dehkordi, Mahboobeh and Javanbakht, Maryam and Sarfarazi, Shima and Meshkat, Mojtaba and Abolbashari, Samaneh,1394,Personality Traits in Patients with Subjective Idiopathic Tinnitus,https://civilica.com/doc/1377399
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