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Title

Prevalence and Antibiotic Susceptibility of Escherichia coli Isolated from Early-Onset Sepsis in Shiraz, Iran

Year: 1400
COI: JR_IEM-7-4_004
Language: EnglishView: 31
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Authors

Aliakbar Rezaei - Vice-Chancellor for Treatment, health system research department, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Fatemeh Javanmardi - Vice-Chancellor for Treatment, health system research department, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Neda Pirbonyeh - Microbiology Department, Burn & Wound Healing Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran;
Hamid Reza Parsa - Department of child and infant health, Shiraz University of Medical science, Shiraz, Iran
zahra Eskandari kootahi - Department of child and infant health, Shiraz University of Medical science, Shiraz, Iran
Amir Emami - Microbiology Department, Burn & Wound Healing Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran;

Abstract:

Backgrounds: Neonatal sepsis is a clinical syndrome in neonates, which is an uncommon but significant cause of morbidity and mortality in infants. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of sepsis caused by Escherichia coli and its antibiotic resistance pattern as well as to assess the potential risk factors in neonates and maternal characteristics in Shiraz. Material & Method: This retrospective study was performed on infants with sepsis in the first three days of life during February ۲۰۱۹ to March ۲۰۲۱. Patients' information was obtained using their hospital records and a questionnaire. All statistical analyses were conducted using SPSS software Ver. ۱۸.۰. A p-value <.۰۵ was considered as statistically significant Findings: During this study, a total of ۲۵۰ positive blood cultures were reported for infants less than ۳ days old. Of these, ۲۱(۸.۴%) E. coli strains were isolated from ۱۴ preterm and ۷ term neonates. In all patients, the most effective antibiotic was meropenem, and the highest resistance was observed to cefoxitin. Conclusion: Base on the present study results, E. coli is the most prevalent Gram-negative bacterium isolated in Shiraz. Premature birth and very low weight are the most important risk factors for developing early-onset sepsis.

Keywords:

Paper COI Code

This Paper COI Code is JR_IEM-7-4_004. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/1408585/

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Rezaei, Aliakbar and Javanmardi, Fatemeh and Pirbonyeh, Neda and Parsa, Hamid Reza and Eskandari kootahi, zahra and Emami, Amir,1400,Prevalence and Antibiotic Susceptibility of Escherichia coli Isolated from Early-Onset Sepsis in Shiraz, Iran,https://civilica.com/doc/1408585

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Scientometrics

The specifications of the publisher center of this Paper are as follows:
Type of center: علوم پزشکی
Paper count: 2,585
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