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Title

A Study Comparing Self-Reported Drugs and Results of An Immunoassay Test in Serum Samples in Patients Presenting to The Emergency Department with Acute Recreational Drug

Year: 1401
COI: JR_PJMT-11-1_001
Language: EnglishView: 17
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Authors

Aisha ElMehy - ۱ Clinical Toxicology, Guy and St Thomas; NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK ۲ Forensic Medicine and Clinical Toxicology department, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Egypt
David Wood - Clinical Toxicology, Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK
Enas El Madah - Forensic Medicine and Clinical Toxicology department, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Egypt
Neven Hassan - ۲ Forensic Medicine and Clinical Toxicology department, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Egypt
Khaled Saad - ۲ Forensic Medicine and Clinical Toxicology department, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Egypt
Paul Dargan - ۱ Clinical Toxicology, Guy’s and St Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK ۳ Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, King’s College London, London, UK

Abstract:

Background: There is no consensus on the usefulness of toxicological analysis in the management of cases presenting to the Emergency Department (ED) with acute recreational toxicity. While in some centers urine samples are routinely analyzed, in others management is based on clinical interpretation and patient self-report on the drug(s) used. Most of the studies that investigated the role of toxicological analysis in this cohort have used urine for the drug testing. The aim of this study was to compare the drug(s) detected in blood samples analyzed by immunoassay (IA) with those self-reported by patients presenting to the ED with acute recreational drug toxicity.Methods: The data were collected from self-reported drug(s) in patients presenting to the ED with acute recreational drug toxicity and compared to the results of a serum Immunoassay which includes ۲۰ different tests.Results: There was weak agreement (kappa ۰.۲ - ۰.۵) with significant disagreement between IA self-report for most of the drug assays, including cocaine, pregabalin, cannabis, and methadone. The poorest agreement was seen for synthetic cannabinoids (kappa ۰.۰۴) and benzodiazepines (kappa ۰.۱۳). The only exceptions with good agreement and insignificant disagreement between self-report and IA were methamphetamines (kappa = ۰.۶۵) and opiates (kappa = ۰.۶۰).Conclusion: Poor agreement existed between the IA test results in blood and the self-reported data. Further studies comparing IA/self-report data to a gold-standard confirmatory mass spectrometry (MS)-based test are required to definitively address the role of analytical screening in the assessment of patients with acute recreational drug toxicity.

Keywords:

Paper COI Code

This Paper COI Code is JR_PJMT-11-1_001. Also You can use the following address to link to this article. This link is permanent and is used as an article registration confirmation in the Civilica reference:

https://civilica.com/doc/1423352/

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If you want to refer to this Paper in your research work, you can simply use the following phrase in the resources section:
ElMehy, Aisha and Wood, David and El Madah, Enas and Hassan, Neven and Saad, Khaled and Dargan, Paul,1401,A Study Comparing Self-Reported Drugs and Results of An Immunoassay Test in Serum Samples in Patients Presenting to The Emergency Department with Acute Recreational Drug,https://civilica.com/doc/1423352

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