Impact of Organizational Culture on Entrepreneurial Behavior with the Mediating Role of Social Capital: Path Analysis

Publish Year: 1400
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_EBHPME-6-1_007

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 28 فروردین 1401

Abstract:

Background: Organizational culture can affect the levels of entrepreneurship and innovation through identifying the social capital dimensions and enhance the ability of staff to accept challenges. This study aimed to examine the impact of organizational culture on entrepreneurial behavior with the mediating role of social capital among the staff working in Qazvin University of Medical Sciences. Methods: This was an cross-sectional analytical study conducted among the staff of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences in ۲۰۲۰. Sample size was calculated by Cochran formula considering type I error and the accuracy of ۵ % and was equal to ۱۲۲ individuals. Addressing sample attrition, the final size considered to be ۱۴۳ people by calculating ۱۵ % increase. The standard questionnaires of entrepreneurial behavior were applied to collect the data. Descriptive statistical tests were used in order to analyze the data; moreover, correlation coefficients were applied to examine the relationship between the main variables of the study. Furthermore, the Structural Equation Analysis (SEM) test was used by LISREL and SPSS software to test the research hypotheses. Results: The estimated coefficient reported for the relationship between organizational culture and entrepreneurial behavior was ۲۳ %; while it was reported to be ۱۲ % for the relationship between social capital and behavior. Furthermore, the hypothesis that social capital mediates the relationship between organizational culture and entrepreneurial behavior was confirmed (T statistic = ۳.۳۱۰, Std. Error = ۰.۱۱۰, P-value < ۰.۰۰۱ ). Conclusion: The results of the present study necessitate further attention to university environments and higher education institutions for creating an entrepreneurship culture by establishing a flexible structure with participatory and supportive management in order to empower human resources and encourage them to promote social capital. Holding discussion sessions with staff and using their pure ideas and avoiding the implementation of strict regulations in addition to creating a participatory atmosphere can play important role in this regard.

Authors

Sana Shaaban

Student Research Committee, School of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin,Iran

Mohammad Reza Mohammad Khani

Student Research Committee, School of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin,Iran

Ahad Alizade

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non-communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical sciences, Qazvin, Iran

Zahra Mirhajian

Student Research Committee, School of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin,Iran

Zeinab Momeni

Student Research Committee, School of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin,Iran

Sima Rafiei

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non-communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical sciences, Qazvin, Iran

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