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“We examine the relationship …”: Grammatical Subject in Research Article Abstracts: Disciplinary and Functional Analysis

Year: 1401
COI: JR_JALDA-10-1_007
Language: EnglishView: 43
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Seyed Foad Ebrahimi - Assistant Professor of Applied Linguistics, English Department, Shadegan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shadegan, Iran,۰۰۰۰-۰۰۰۱-۷۴۵۰-۷۱۸۷
Maryam Farnia - Assistant Professor of Applied Linguistics, Department of English Language and Literature, Payame Noor University, Iran, ۰۰۰۰-۰۰۰۱-۷۰۴۶-۶۵۳۳


Research article abstract acts as an important device to manage information and to let the reader decide whether it is merit to continue reading the research article. In this paper, we intend to investigate the frequencies and discourse functions of types of grammatical subject (unmarked theme) used in research article abstracts from four disciplines. To this end, ۳۰۰ research article abstracts were randomly selected (۷۵ from each discipline) from leading prestigious journals in the four disciplines namely Applied Linguistics, Economics, Agriculture, and Applied Physics, and were analyzed based on Gosden’s (۱۹۹۳) classifications that include ۱۶ types of grammatical subject. The results indicated that only six types of grammatical subject were used in the corpus and the frequencies of these types varied across the four disciplines. Besides, the results reported high similarities concerning the discourse functions served using the grammatical subject types. Thus, it could be concluded that the selection and discourse functions of the grammatical subject types are imposed by conventions of writing research article abstracts. The results could add to the existing knowledge of writing research article abstract in the analyzed disciplines by increasing awareness concerning selections of grammatical subject types.


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Ebrahimi, Seyed Foad and Farnia, Maryam,1401,“We examine the relationship …”: Grammatical Subject in Research Article Abstracts: Disciplinary and Functional Analysis,

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  • Afros, E., & Schryer, C. F. (۲۰۰۹). Promotional (meta)discourse in ...
  • Becher, T. (۱۹۹۴). The significance of disciplinary differences. Studies in ...
  • Davies, F. (۱۹۹۶). Marked theme as a heuristic for analyzing ...
  • Ebrahimi, S. F. (۲۰۱۴). Thematicity in English academic research articles ...
  • Ebrahimi, S. F. (۲۰۱۶). Theme types and patterns in research ...
  • Gosden, H. (۱۹۹۲). Discourse functions of marked theme in scientific ...
  • Hyland, K. (۲۰۰۷). Genre pedagogy: Language, literacy and L۲ writing ...
  • Khedri, M., & Jalilifar, A. R. (۲۰۱۱). Thematic development in ...
  • Lores, R. (۲۰۰۴). On RA abstracts: From rhetorical structure to ...
  • Martinez, I. A. (۲۰۰۳). Aspects of theme in the method ...
  • North, S. (۲۰۰۳). Emergent disciplinary in an interdisciplinary course: Theme ...
  • North, S. (۲۰۰۵). Disciplinary variation in the use of theme ...
  • Vande Kopple, W. J. (۱۹۹۴). Some characterstics and functions of ...

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Type of center: Azad University
Paper count: 110
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