Prevalence of hepatitis B in HIV-positive patients in Zabol

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1400

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مقاله ژورنالی

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English

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JR_CMBR-1-3_002

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 31 مرداد 1401

Abstract:

Today, due to the increase in life expectancy in HIV-infected patients, the incidence of related diseases such as hepatitis B and C due to similarity in transmission routes has become a major concern of the health community. Therefore, this study was performed to determine the prevalence of hepatitis B among HIV + patients in Zabol. This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed on ۳۷ HIV-infected patients in Zabol city (۲۰۲۱-۲۰۲۲). In the present study, HIV-infected patients were screened for hepatitis B by measuring serum levels of HBC Ab and HBs Ag. Finally, the data in SPSS V۲۱ software were analyzed. In the present study, a total of ۳۷ HIV-infected patients with a mean age of ۴۰.۸۱- ۱۱.۶۴ years were evaluated. The present study's prevalence of HIV and HCV co-infection was ۲۱.۶%. Also, ۱۳.۵% of HIV patients had HBV and HCV simultaneously. Examination of risk factors for viral hepatitis in HIV-infected patients showed that unprotected sex (۱۰۰%), injecting drug use or IDU (۸۷.۵%), dental procedures (۷۵%), history of imprisonment (۶۲.۵%) and tattooing (۵۰.۵%) were the most common factors in HIV patients. Family history of hepatitis B (۱۲.۵%), alcohol (۱۲.۵%), transfusion (۱۲.۵%) and cupping (۲۵%) were among the lowest cases in these patients. the frequency of HBV infection and co-infection with HCV and HBV in HIV-positive patients were relatively high. Except for the history of tattoos, there is no significant relationship between other risk factors and hepatitis B among HIV-positive patients. 

Authors

LeliRezaie-Kahkhaie
Leli Rezaie-Kahkhaie

Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Amir al momenin Hospital, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran

KhadijeSaravani
Khadije Saravani

Forensic medicine and toxicology, Zabol University of medical sciences, Zabol, Iran.

KhadijeRezaie-Keikhaie
Khadije Rezaie-Keikhaie

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical Faculty, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran

Seyed EsmaeilAzimi-Khatibani
Seyed Esmaeil Azimi-Khatibani

Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran

Abdul HafizDaman-Sooz
Abdul Hafiz Daman-Sooz

Student Research Committee, zabol university of Medical Sciences, zabol, Iran

MehdiAfshari
Mehdi Afshari

Social Medicine Department, Medical Facuty, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran

Atefehkamali
Atefeh kamali

Department of Microbiology, Medical Faculty- Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran

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