The Impact of Business Attitude on Entrepreneurial Behavior in Postgraduate Students: A Cross-sectional Study During the COVID-۱۹ Pandemic

Publish Year: 1401
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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شناسه ملی سند علمی:

JR_IJHLS_8-1-007

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 28 تیر 1402

Abstract:

Background: Entrepreneurship and business behavior are of great significance in developing countries, such as Iran, due to the unemployment crisis. Today’s economic status and population composition have propelled everyone to find effective solutions in the economic arena. Therefore, appropriate educational models for students and programs to encourage students to turn to entrepreneurship and create new businesses are vital. Objectives: The present study aimed to determine the impact of business attitude on entrepreneurial behavior in postgraduate students. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on the postgraduate students of Qazvin University of Medical Sciences in ۲۰۲۱. Data were collected using the standard questionnaires of Aution et al. and Leon Dice Zamptakis and Vasilis Mustakis. Data analysis was performed in the R software version ۴.۰.۴ using Spearman’s or Pearson’s correlation-coefficient and multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA). Results: The mean age of the participants was ۲۸.۱۷ ۶.۲۹۷ years. Pearson’s correlation-coefficient indicated a significant, inverse correlation between age and attitudes toward competitiveness and entrepreneurial culture (r = -۰.۲۱۰; P = ۰.۰۰۲ and r = -۰.۱۷۷; P = ۰.۰۱, respectively). In addition, the results of multiple linear regression analysis showed that the attitude to business had a significant, inverse effect on entrepreneurial behavior (r = -۰.۲۵۹; P < ۰.۰۰۱). Conclusions: According to the results, students’ unpreparedness for self-employment activities highlights the need for changing the attitude of postgraduate students in this regard by explaining the prevalence of the COVID-۱۹. Due to the outbreak of the disease, numerous startups and personal businesses were shut down. Therefore, students are mostly reluctant to become involved in entrepreneurial activities despite their business attitude.

Authors

Sima Rafiei

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran

Ahad Alizadeh

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran

Leyla Aziziani

Research Committee Virtual School of Medical Education and Management, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Faeze Homaei Borojeni

Student Research Committee, Faculty of Health, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran