Facilitators and Barriers of Elementary School Reopening during the Covid-۱۹ Pandemic: A Qualitative Study

Publish Year: 1402
نوع سند: مقاله ژورنالی
زبان: English
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JR_INJPM-11-6_011

تاریخ نمایه سازی: 17 مهر 1402

Abstract:

Background: Elementary School closures are much less effective than other social distance interventions in controlling the COVID-۱۹ pandemic because of the low rate of SARS-CoV-۲ transmission between children in educational settings. Therefore, Identifying facilitators and barriers to school re-opening can help parents and school staff plan for students' return to school. In this study, we examined the facilitators and barriers of school re-opening during COVID-۱۹ from the perspective of parents and school staff of Zahedan, southeast of Iran. Methods: We did a qualitative study using conventional content analysis. Participants were selected by purposive sampling in May ۲۰۲۱, in Zahedan, southeast of Iran. Data was collected through semi structured and in-depth interviews. Credibility, dependability, confirmability, and transferability were established to assure data trustworthiness. Audio-recorded interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed in accordance with Graneheim and Lundman. Results: We recruited ۱۴ parents, five teachers, and five school principals from ۷ elementary schools in Zahedan. Data analysis showed that overcrowding, financial problems, failure to comply with protocols and lack of proper educational space were identified as barriers to school re-opening. Also, teaching health protocols, providing health conditions for schools and preference for in-person learning were identified as facilitators of school re-opening. Conclusion: Parents and school staff expressed their views on facilitators and barriers to reopening schools. Due to the different strains of covid ۱۹, there is a possibility of re-peak at any time. Identifying facilitators and barriers of school re-opening will be effective in planning and policy-making of school re-opening programs during the COVID-۱۹ and after Corona pandemic for promoting the health of school staff and students.

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Authors

Monavar Fattahiyan

Master&#۰۳۹;s degree in health education and health promotion, Faculty of Health, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.

Maryam Seraji

PhD in Health Education and Health Promotion ,Assistant Professor, Health Promotion Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

Hassan Okati-Aliabad

PhD in Health Education and Health Promotion , Associate Professor , Health Promotion Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

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